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Chapter

Ch 9 Notes In Search of Respect

2 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Maggie Cummings

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Chapter 9: Conclusion
ANTA02
Structural, racial, and class oppression is too complex to be solved by simple policy
changes in the short term
Economic and political structural forces, history, culture and individuals all need
addressing
Confronting Racial and Class Inequality - Instead of Drugs
US is one of most powerful and rich countries, but inner cities are impoverished
*Drugs are internalizing of frustration, resistance, and powerlessness
oIts an expression of deeper structural dilemmas
Drug use is qualitatively worse in 1990s than 1980s, but reason is because of a larger
gap between working class and rich
oRestructuring of world economy by global corporations, financial capital,
digital technology and less public intervention on behalf of poor are
contributors
There is a sharp divide (polarization) of income according to class, gender and region
oE.g. married Puerto Ricans make much more, female and elderly lead
households made much less
To attack drugs, the author suggests balance between underground and legal
economy has be to be addressed:
1.The profitability of drug economy
2.Fragility and hostility of entry-level legal labor market
Decriminalizing drugs could eliminate profitability of drugs, remove incentive for
dealers to sell to kids, and reduce cost of incarcerating and prosecuting dealers
Dignified and emotionally rewarding jobs need to be provided
To make legal jobs for appealing:
oAid for basic human needs shouldnt be cut off when people have legal
employment
oShould give incentives like education, work aid when unemployed
US needs to stop denying profitability of drug market and take advantage of
motivated people that want to work
Middle class and elites are increasingly able to disassociate with inner city and
ethnically distinct
oInner city is reflection of policies that are increasing polarization of street
culture
oBudget cuts maintain status quo of middle class and target poor
Public programs try to address bad attitude of poor, but problem lies in
institutionalized expression of racism (inner city breakdown is mostly minorities)
US needs to equal playing field: equal services as middle class and predominantly
white neighborhoods, enforcement of same laws and equalizing availability of quality
education
Hip Hop Jibaro: toward a Politics of Mutual Respect
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Description
Chapter 9: Conclusion ANTA02 Structural, racial, and class oppression is too complex to be solved by simple policy changes in the short term Economic and political structural forces, history, culture and individuals all need addressing Confronting Racial and Class Inequality - Instead of Drugs US is one of most powerful and rich countries, but inner cities are impoverished *Drugs are internalizing of frustration, resistance, and powerlessness o Its an expression of deeper structural dilemmas Drug use is qualitatively worse in 1990s than 1980s, but reason is because of a larger gap between working class and rich o Restructuring of world economy by global corporations, financial capital, digital technology and less public intervention on behalf of poor are contributors There is a sharp divide (polarization) of income according to class, gender and region o E.g. married Puerto Ricans make much more, female and elderly lead households made much less To attack drugs, the author suggests balance between underground and legal economy has be to be addressed: 1. The profitability of drug economy 2. Fragility and hostility of entry-level legal labor market Decriminalizing drugs
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