Textbook Notes (381,007)
CA (168,313)
UTSC (19,303)
Anthropology (539)
ANTA02H3 (146)
Chapter

Feeding Desire Chapter Notes and Key Points

10 Pages
1073 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Maggie Cummings

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 10 pages of the document.
Feeding Desire
Prologue : There is More to Beauty than Meets the Eye
p.1
Women work to maintain the folds of aft around their stomach,
fleshy behinds, and strecthmarks on every limb.
Ideal of beauty as a window into cultural world
Associations with oppression of women w eating disorders; as
a result of media/male fantasies.
These ideals persist not primarily bc of their imposition by the
a powerful few or by forces extrinsic to the individuals held in
their sway, but bc they are deeply imbedded in wider cultural
values and social structures.
p.2
Investment in achievement contributes to identity, well-being
and honor
The fruits of mans labour areinvested” in passive female
bodies. Women look as little as men as possible.
(West, women masculine ; ‘equality’)
p.3
Competition extremes. If
looking plump is attractive,
looking a little plumper than
the woman in then next tent
will be considered an
advantage.
When thin/fat bodies
become a sign of status, our
natural aesthetic instincts to
see beauty in what is average
are overridden. (class-
stratified Wets: cheap food =
fat; fit = cost)
Arabsfood consumption and
resistance to movement >
elite women distanced from
low castes.
p.4
Plumpness = culturally associated w health vs illness; (obesity
and fat is a negative connotation)
p.5
Fijians and Jamaicans – fat is an indication of health/vitality
and social network.
Arabs: good, moist fat vs bad, dry fat
The goal , especially for women, is a look of plump ripeness.
A plump body indicateshappiness, beauty and sexual appeal
(Egypt)
Certain plumpness of females is appropriate for all life stages.
p.6
For Moors, the meaning of female fatness resonate w those
found in other societies that value plumpness, with primary
emphasis on beauty, sexiness, and womanliness and social
status. Moors are remarkable, however, in that fattening begins
so young, goes on for sol long and is in fact the central
preoccupation of womens lives alongside childbearing, child
rearing. And being good Muslims.
p.7
deeply and successfully, the female body form encapsulates
much that is utterly taken for granted by, and utterly dear to
members of this society;because it is beautiful”
Fattenings centrality to the culture was proclaimed by
womens every mouthful, but was relatively absent in the daily
convos of women, men and children.
p.8 REFER TO THIS P. – JUICY
Fat is sexy, and sex is not something on talks about openly in
the Azawagh.
Womens bodies should be closed, still, and wet on the inside
by dry on the outside
1: Coming into the Azawagh
p. 13
The landscape against which Arab women pack their bodies
until overflowing with plentiful, moist fat and veiled folds of
allure exhibits anything but those bountiful traits to the
outsider …….desolate, flat semi-desert…sparse grass….
Terrain that they consider Earths basic form is rich and
diverse…dunes
www.notesolution.com
p.14
grass variety; benefit and cost associations / healing plants.
p.15
wind. …. They are concerned by the less visible and
ultimately potent ills it can bring. Wind is a metaphor for, even
the embodiment, of spirits and forces of evil…prayer. Wind as
bearer of .heat and coldness”… forces that reside in bodies
and the world that must always be kept in balance. Like
gravity/electromagnetism, the wind and the unseen force it
carries silently/invisibly enter all substances, connecting
people to the world around them.
Pathwork of ethnic groups; different languages and customs,
all sharing a faith – Islam
p.16
Fighting Arabs vs Tuaregs
Tchin Tabaraden and Tassara – fieldwork site; products of
outside intervention vs indigenous settlement alone;
established by French and Nigerian gov, respectively
Atmosphere of living; subsistence.
p.17
“simply Arabs” ; historically, culturally, linguistically - Moors
Western parts of Sahara desert, Arabic speakers
Brief introduction to who they are; devotion to Islam, belief in
Arabian roots, economy based on herding and trade, etc
………….
p.18
“Moor and its connotation
p.19
Arab” as ethnic label for Azawaghs. >Yemeni Arabs or
Saudi Arabs – roots in Yemen and Saudi Arab. >Azawagh
arabs
Caste Societies
(1)white/free” Arabs – ‘white
(2) former slave caste (haratin) ; ‘black’
(3) small artisan caste (blacksmiths) - ‘intermediate
Hierarchy in terms of colour; What more accurately
distinguishes the castes is descent, status and lack of
intermarriage across caste lines.
Slave-master relationship; haratin. Te existence of slavery –
crucial to persistence of fattening – only possible for girls who
do not have housework; haratin don’t fatten.
p.20
Tchin Tabaraden ; Of the mny ethnic groups, A.Arabs were the
least visible – men dress in the same flowering robes and
turbans that Tuareg wear and generally fluent in Tamajeq,
while Arab women, whose dress is distinctive, rarely leave
their compounds
Women – hawlis (dress), sari-like; framing face; high hairdos;
Popenoes experience wit the women. Light-skinned Arabs vs
dark-skinned Hausa.
p.21 Women Fattening intro
Boukia description
A plump body is a hughly desirable feature of adult
womanhood among all the ethnic groups in the area: Hausa,
Tuareg, Wodaabe, Bouza, and Arabs. Arabs excelled at
achieving great bulk.
They often ate by stuffing their mouths full of couscous and
swallowing it down with lag quantities of water, without
chewing,
The process of getting fat begins in a routine and is enforced in
early childhood
p.22
p.23
Description of Tassara
Walled off desert
p.24
Food : ate porridge and sauce and bowl of fresh milk
Sleep-cot
Adobe house – cement plastering(p25-6)
p.25
day-to-day events ; interviews, genealogies,
www.notesolution.com
women afraid of recordings ; exposure
men more freely conversed in sex-segregated society
p.26
married men difficult to talk – fear of suspicious wives
Where on man and one woman are alone together, there will
always be a third present-the devil. It is generally not plausible
that a man and woman can be together alone and no have sex
Hawli (toga-like) description, the way in which is worn in
front of various ppl
Skinny – non human; poor specimen of sex
Adult, feminine status is evidenced by a portly form,
Do not keep ages
Women hardly see a book exept for Koran, never been to
school, rarely left their desert village and encampments
p.27
Brief description of how she was treated
Landscape in which human life is both fragile and more
exalted than in a Western world of skyscrapers, cell phones
and highways. Obedience to Allah and his plan is everything;
even as ppl go about the most mundane tasks, and in which
full filling ones duties in life is as good as a god Muslim is
often presented as yje highest possible achievement.; letting go
of idea that individuals are self-contained entities acting on
and above the world, and replacing it with a sense of the
bodys openness to and dependency on a world of subtle
forces, hidden intentions, sneaky spirits, and secret desires.
….. milk breathes life into families, relating ppl to one another
and o the tangible world; granting women were formed by God
to be as different and complementary as possible, and that the
tension between them is one of the principle forces of human
life on Earth (p.27-8)
p.28
no paved roads, tv etc ……
global incorporated in to the local; bad winds chaos violence
men travel exposed to modernity
women move less, as more and more Arab families give up a
nomadic life to settle in permanent villages
Increasing divergence of experience between men and women
in this quickly sedentarizing society.. Women have become
more confined, while men travel further into a modernizing
outside world women rarely see.
Life is little changed for them , as they continue to do light
chores, oversee the work of servants, and sit out their days
immobile and proud, surrounded by children.
p.29
while the practice of fattening is not as ubiquitous as it once
was (decrease in cow milk and increase in chores due to
decrease in slaves); none questions the practices worth, or the
aesthetic which it claimed to achieve.
It is a beauty idea tat seems deeply entrenched , speaking of
and to cultural convictions that have not been easily swayed by
changes in trade patterns, the presence of a nation state and its
army, or the arrival of new technology and foodstuffs.
Arab women – comfortably grounded and worldly-seeming;
warm and emotionally generous ,ironic and tough, wise and
knowing, and unfailingly gracious and dignified.; they had
confidence in themselves d their understandings of the world.
p.30
Challenges : three days labour,no pain relief, philandering
husbands, beloved children who died, illness that resisted
cure. …… life long “body project
2:Getting Fat
p.34 Park quote about Moors, fatness , women and daughters
Their food consists of cows milk and uncooked, ground
sorghum, which they drink, morning and evening. Deghnu
drink.
p.35. Caillie quote ; torture/tryranny/cruety associated with
fattening youngins
p.36 quote full goatskin sack
p.37comparison: to liken an ample body to a goat-skin sack
of milk, is not uncommon, and not unflattering. A full goat-
skin sack has just the replete fluid contours desired in a
woman, and knowledge that the sack is full of milk and not jus
the water ony heightens its value, as well as the imilaritues to
the properly fattened woman.
Toutou (girl) quote ; pride.
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Feeding Desire Plumpness = culturally associated w health vs illness; (obesity and fat is a negative connotation) p.5 Prologue : There is More to Beauty than Meets the Eye Fijians and Jamaicans fat is an indication of healthvitality p.1 and social network. Women work to maintain the folds of aft around their stomach, Arabs: good, moist fat vs bad, dry fat fleshy behinds, and strecthmarks on every limb. The goal , especially for women, is a look of plump ripeness. Ideal of beauty as a window into cultural world A plump body indicates happiness, beauty and sexual appeal (Egypt) Associations with oppression of women w eating disorders; as a result of mediamale fantasies. Certain plumpness of females is appropriate for all life stages. These ideals persist not primarily bc of their imposition by the p.6 a powerful few or by forces extrinsic to the individuals held in their sway, but bc they are deeply imbedded in wider cultural For Moors, the meaning of female fatness resonate w those values and social structures. found in other societies that value plumpness, with primary emphasis on beauty, sexiness, and womanliness and social p.2 status. Moors are remarkable, however, in that fattening begins so young, goes on for sol long and is in fact the central Investment in achievement contributes to identity, well-being preoccupation of womens lives alongside childbearing, child and honor rearing. And being good Muslims. The fruits of mans labour are invested in passive female p.7 bodies. Women look as little as men as possible. (West, women masculine ; equality) deeply and successfully, the female body form encapsulates much that is utterly taken for granted by, and utterly dear to members of this society; because it is beautiful p.3 Competition extremes. If Fattenings centrality to the culture was proclaimed by looking plump is attractive, womens every mouthful, but was relatively absent in the daily convos of women, men and children. looking a little plumper than the woman in then next tent will be considered an p.8 REFER TO THIS P. JUICY advantage. Fat is sexy, and sex is not something on talks about openly in When thinfat bodies the Azawagh. become a sign of status, our Womens bodies should be closed, still, and wet on the inside natural aesthetic instincts to by dry on the outside see beauty in what is average are overridden. (class- stratified Wets: cheap food = fat; fit = cost) 1: Coming into the Azawagh p. 13 Arabsfood consumption and resistance to movement > elite women distanced from The landscape against which Arab women pack their bodies until overflowing with plentiful, moist fat and veiled folds of low castes. allure exhibits anything but those bountiful traits to the p.4 outsider .desolate, flat semi-desertsparse grass. Terrain that they consider Earths basic form is rich and diversedunes www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit