Textbook Notes (368,795)
Canada (162,165)
Anthropology (533)
ANTA01H3 (187)


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Genevieve Dewar

Cultural Techniques Ethnoarchaeology: Observing people to understand how archaeological records are produced Paleoethnography: Trying to understand a culture only through archaeological remains Ethnography: The intensive study and description of a particular culture Technology: Ethnographic Analogy: A written description of the life of a recorded group is used as a model for interpreting the archaeological record Direct Historial Approach: Using a historically recorded culture, (descents of a group) to find out about its ancient culture - Scientists also make the tools, and observe the wear patterns on the tools - I.e rebuilt the pyramids - Denmak: People lived in a dwelling similar to the one in the Danish bronze age Environment: O /O ratio= Can tell you changes in climate - -because when its hot, both isotopes evaporate a lot, when its cold, o16 evaporates more because it is lighter - Foraminifera: Marine Organisms whse skeletons are used in oxygen isotope analysis - Palynology: The indentification of plants through their preserved pollen remains Diet: - Middens: A pile of trash produced by the inhabitants of a settlement - Flotation: A technique in which soil matric and archaeological material are separated using water o Useful when trying to separate fragile remainds, such as bone/seeds/nuts when mixed - Comparative Collection: A library of animal seeds/bones/ nuts used for comparative analysis - Faunal Analysis: An examination of animals remains from archaeological sites Taphonomy: The study of how organisms become part of the archeological record o How did the animal die, was it killed by animals or people, etc o Crucial consideration when attempting to generate hypothesis about the people o Carnivores have licing teeth but humans have more generalized dentition for a varied diet Phytoliths: Mineral residues of plants o Quite durable, can survive long time, even millennia o Each species produces unique set of phytoliths o Specialists can derive what kind of plants lived through they phytoliths recoved on the site Carbon isotope analysis o Ratio of C12/C14 o Human bones can be analyzed for their c12/c13 ratios o Paleofeces: Perserved Fecal remains o Coprolites: Fossilzed feces, useful in reconstructing the diet. Same as paleofeces o Blood traces can be used for blood found on tools, even ones dating back to thousands of years, the validity is questioned, however, everyone deserves consideration Social Systems: Matrilocal: Women after getting married live with womens parents o Evident by homogeneous poetry, because the man
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