Textbook Notes (362,880)
Canada (158,081)
Anthropology (530)
ANTA02H3 (143)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4 Reading Notes [ANTA02].docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Maggie Cummings

Chapter 4: Patterns of Family Relations 2/3/2013 8:34:00 PM 4.1 – What is the composition of the typical family group? Ethnographic present: Use of the present tense to describe a culture, although the description may refer to situations that existed in the past Kinship is a cultural system, not a set of biological facts Bilateral kinship: A system in which individuals trace their descent through both parents Nuclear family: The family group consisting of father, mother, and their biological or adopted children Matrilineal kinship: A system of descent in which persons are related to their kin through the mother only Patrilineal kinship: A system of descent in which persons are related to their kind through the father only Bride service: The requirement that when a couple marries, the groom must work for the bride’s parents for some specified period of time Matrilineage: A lineage that is formed by tracing descent in the female line Trobrianders  Act of conception is a matter of (3) agencies o A woman o The spirit (baloma) of a deceased ancestor o Woman’s brother  Sexual intercourse is said to play no role in conception  A pail of water is brought to the woman by her brother [permission]  Deny a role to men in procreation  The key family relationship; between brother and sister  Father is an outsider to his children  Certain people are merged under the same kin term [aunt, uncle] Chapter 4: Patterns of Family Relations Extended family: A family group based on blood relations of three or more generations Rural Chinese  Patrilineage is important  Identity of each male is defined by his relations to the dead; as much as it is by his relations to the living  Male children are a major happiness o Line will continue 4.2 – How are families formed, and how is the ideal family maintained? Incest taboo: A rule that prohibits sexual relations among certain categories of kin, such as brothers or sisters, parent and children, or, in some cases, cousins The Family Cycle of Ju/’hoansi  With little privacy in the camps, children imitate the bodily movements of parents making love  Males o Makes him adult worthy of taking part in Ju/’hoansi public life o Gains a sex partner o Gains a mate to provide his food  Women o The earlier she is married, the longer her husband will remain with her parents until she is of age  Marriages are usually arranged by the couple’s parents  Restricted in the choice of a marriage partner by naming system The Family Cycle of Trobriand Islanders  Adolescents are permitted to openly display their affection for each other  Couple may take the initiative in arranging a marriage o Parents approve/disappro
More Less

Related notes for ANTA02H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.