Textbook Notes (363,135)
Canada (158,215)
Anthropology (530)
ANTA02H3 (143)
Chapter 2

ANTA02 In Search of Respect, Chapter 2 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Genevieve Dewar

ANTA02 – In Search of Respect; Chapter 2 EL BARRIO STREET HISTORY - U.S. invaded P.Rico in 1898 – cont’d after the Spanish to put military concerns over econ logic. - Since 1952 “free associated commonwealth” subject to US rule but can't vote and have no reps in congress. - “all P.R offers is closeness to Cuba – shorter distance to destroy communism”. Jibaro: stereotypical images of rugged independent subsidence farmer in straw hat w/machete, who squats (nangotea) on the batey or packed-earth patio of his home when receiving visitors. o Jibaro has emerged as symbol of P.Rican cultural integrity, and self respect in face of foreign influence/domination. o Spanish origin means “wild” thought to have descended from African slaves, who resisted laws and social conventions of Spanish-dominated society and escaped to the hills outside of societal jurisdiction. o Jibaro been reinvented not only plantation labourers, but factory workers &2nd gen inner-city residents. o Parallel b/w former jibaro refusing colonial-plantation labour that rejected elitist Spanish cultural forms out of self-respect VERSUS oppositional content in street culture’s resistance to exploitation and margnz’n by U.S. society. - 1/3 of Prican population emigrated to U.S approx 1.5mil people – Prico has the highest corporate profit. No country produces higher net incomes for the U.S. - Econ imperatives shaping Pricans’ lives = compounding ideologically by overtly racist “cultural assault” ex: all English schools in Prico till 1949. Confronting individual responsibility on the street: - Via armchair hindsight its easy for large-scale migration to account for why ElBarrio’s brutal/self- destructive. o Especially given history of econ dislocation, political domination, cultural oppression. o But politic-econ explanations aren't obvious on the streets ie no amount of ‘historic apology’ or ‘structural victimization’ can excuse street people violent/self-destructive/parasitic actions. - But these ppl attrib their marginal living conditions to their own psychological/moral failings – individuals are accountable. o Per
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