ANTA02 – Cultural Anthropology; Chapter 4
Ethnographic present: use of the present tense to describe a culture, although the description may
refer to situations that exist in the past.
Bilateral kinship: a system in which individuals trace their descent through both parents.
Nuclear family: the family group consisting of father, other, and their biological or adopted children.
Matrilineal kinship: a system of descent in which persons are related to their kin through the mother
Patrilineal kinship: a system of descent in which persons are related to their kin through the father
Brideservice: the requirement that when a couple marries, the groom must work for the bride's
parents for some specified period of time.
Matrilineage: a lineage that is formed by tracing descent in the female line.
Incest taboo: a rule that prohibits sexual relations among certain categories of kin, such as
brothers/sisters, parents and children, or, in some cases, cousins.
Clan: a unilineal descent group whose members claim descent from a common ancestor.
Exogamy: a rule that requires a person to marry someone outside one's own group.
Endogamy: a rule that requires a person to marry someone inside one's own group.
Bridewealth: the valuables that a groom or his family are expected or obligated to present to the
Dowry: the goods and valuables a bride's family supplies to the groom's family or to the couple.
Polygamy: a form of marriage in which a person is permitted to have more than one spouse.
Polygyny: a form of marriage in which a man is permitted to have more than one wife.
Polyandry: a form of marriage in which a woman is permitted to have more than one husband.
Partible inheritance: a form of inheritance in which goods or property of a family is divided among the
Impartible inheritance: form of inheritance in which family property is passed undivided to one heir.
Margeret Mead – created first “reality show” -- purpose to allow others to understand themselves.
Watched shows and were able to relate.
Sociocultural anthropology: studies kinship, family composition and marriage.
David Schneider – one of the first anthropologists to study American kinship systematically – lead her to
conclude that kinship is a cultural system not a set of biological facts.
Family composition of Ju/'hoansi:
Hunt and gather in a territory associated with a particular water hole.
Camp groups are organized around a brother-and-sister pair.
They bring their spouses and children into the group.
Elizabeth Thomas, the harmless people – people move freely from camp to camp based on hunting
alliances or because conflict develops in the group. Basic family group is the nuclear family. Children
spend most time with their mothers. They believe that conception takes place at the else of the
Ju/'hoansi family dynamics is the custom of brideservice. Groom is expected to come and live in the
bride's parent's camp. Family composition of Trobriand Islanders:
Live in villages, divided into hamlets and each consists of a ma