ANTA02 – Cultural Anthropology; Chapter 3
Totemism: the use of a symbol, generally an animal or a plant, as a physical representation for a group,
generally a clan.
Ritual: a dramatic rendering or social portrayal of meanings shared by a specific body of people in a
way that makes them seem correct and proper.
Symbolic actions: the activities – including ritual, myth, art, dance, and music – that dramatically depict
the meanings shared by a specific body of people.
Metaphor: a figure of speech in which linguistic expressions are taken from one area of experience and
applied to another.
Domain of experience: an area of human experience from which people borrow meaning to apply to
World view: an encompassing picture of reality based on shared cultural assumptions about how the
Key metaphors: a term to identify metaphors that dominate the meanings that people in a specific
culture attribute to their experience.
Myth: a story of narrative that portrays the meanings people give their experience.
Key scenarios: dominant stories or myths that portray the values and beliefs of a specific society.
Revitalization movements: the term suggested by Anthony F.C. Wallace for attempts by a people to
construct a more satisfying culture.
Syncretization: the term given to the combination of old beliefs or religions and new ones that are
often introduced during colonization. Example: ghost dance of native Americans and voodoo among
Creole: a term used commonly to refer to the formation of slave societies in the Caribbe