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In Search of Respect- Extra Notes

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Maggie Cummings

In Search of Respect Phillippe Bourgois Jibaros: uprooted farmers and descendants of WWII, hillbillies, stereotypical image, 2nd generation US born Inner-City. Reinvented and redefined by political and economic contexts Culture of Poverty Theory: Hypermarginalization: ?? Urban renewal program physical destruction of several square blocks of a functioning working poor community. Selling Crack: typical business organization Physical space unpleasant Leroy: elevator guy who got intimidated by a white female boss and she was scared of him. Philippe faced dilemma when he heard about Caesar hurting Lucas because his own son has cerebral palsy, contradiction of anthropologys methodological caveat of suspending moral judgment Women in midst of carving greater autonomy and rights for themselves like rest of the US. Men arent accepting the new role, lash out at women like ancestors in order to keep the patriarchal family style in tact Eloping: big cultural institution allowing a teenage girl to resist her fathers domination and to express her needs as an individual with rights. Constant elopement = certain degree of bargaining power to women in rural community or plantation neighbourhoods. PRs are antisocial sociopaths because of early childhood experiences (family abuse, violence) When mothers take kids to the street it represents increase in child abuse and neglect Women carving out a new public space for themselves, refusing to submit to old-roles Street culture and underground economy provided men with an alternative forum for redefining their sense of masculine dignity around promiscuity, conspicuous violence and ecstatic substance abuse. Solutions to inner-city poverty and substance abuse framed in terms of public policy often appear naive or hopelessly idealistic www.notesolution.com Substance abuse is perhaps the dimension of inner-city poverty most susceptible to short- term policy intervention. Drugs are not the root problem, they are epiphenomenal expression of deeper, structural dilemmas Drug use is culturally constructed Attempt to answer drug issue has to alter the economic imbalance between the rewards of the legal economy versus those of the underground economy Case of narcotics retail sale: Economic dynamism of drug economy must be reduced Fragility and hostility of the entry-level legal labour market needs to be transformed Cheapest and simplest way to wipe out the material basis for the most violent and criminal dimensions of street culture is to destroy the profitability of narcotic trafficking by decriminalizing drugs Decriminalizing drugs would make drugs less accessible and attractive to youth because it wont be unique and theyd earn less Dismantle hostile bureaucratic maze that punishes the poor for working legally Poverty, substance abuse and criminality in East Harlem is product of state policy and free market forces that have increases rising levels of inequality Complex cultural and social dimensions beyond materialistic goods have to be addressed by public policy if the socially marginal want to be equal in the US Prioritize needs of women and children Direct brutality against themselves and immediate community rather than structural oppressors Fundamental ethical and political revaluation of basic socioeconomic models and human values Focuses on racial Segregation and social marginalization and alienation. Underground (untaxed) economy (e.g. drug dealing) o Allowed the hundreds of thousands of New Yorkers in neighbourhoods like East Harlem to subsist with the minimal amenities that people living in the U.S. considered to be basic necessities. www.notesolution.como Difficulty of estimating the size of underground economy let alone drug dealing is even thornier. inner-city street culture: a complex and conflictual web of beliefs, symbols, modes of interaction, values and ideologies that have emerged in opposition to exclusion from mainstream society. French sociologist Pierre Bourdieus analytical category, cultural capital. Street cultures violence pervades daily life in El Barrio and shapes mainstream societys perception of the ghetto in a manner completely disproportionate to its objective danger. Part of the reason is that violent incidents are highly visible and traumatic. Michael Taussig: culture of terror to convey the dominating effect of widespread violence on a vulnerable society. One of the consequences of the culture of terror dynamic is to silence the peaceful majority of the population who reside in the neighbourhood. They isolate themselves from the community and grow to hate those who participate in the street culture sometimes internalizing racist stereotypes in the process. Conversely, mainstream society unconsciously uses the images of a culture terror to dehumanize the victims and perpetuators and to justify its unwillingness to confront segrega
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