Textbook Notes (368,460)
Canada (161,892)
Anthropology (533)
ANTC68H3 (20)
Bryce (17)


2 Pages
Unlock Document


ANTC68 WINTER 2013 Week#5: Stigma in the Time of Influenza: Social and Institutional Responses to Pandemic Emergencies by Ron Barrett & Peter Brown Introduction  Stigma was originally a classic Greek term for a permanent mark that branded a person as a criminal but now describes the process of negative discrimination against people with certain physical, behavioral or social attributes  It can be argued that stigma is an illness itself comorbid with respect to its marked physical conditions  Stigma exacerbates the disease itself such as in the case of leprosy, Hansen’s disease and AIDS  Farmer and Kleinmann: AIDS pandemic caused suffering that was created by socioeconomic inequalities, compounded by the inappropriate use of resources, magnified by discrimination, augmented by fear and amplified by the loss of social identity.  Stigma can be seen as a biosocial phenomenon with 4 essential elements: o Stigma presents barriers to health seeking and reduces early detection & treatment and furthers the spread of disease o Social marginalization leads to poverty and neglect therefore increases the susceptibility of populations to the entry and amplification infectious diseases o Potentially stigmatized populations may distrust health authorities and resist cooperation during a public health emergency o Social stigma may distort public perceptions of risk resulting in mass panic among citizens and disproportionate allocation of health care resources by politicisations and health professionals  Increased focus on bioterrorism applications of infectious disease that are only worst case scenarios, increased focus on unknown risks from new diseases and he unknowable consequences of bioweapons at the expense of known threats such as influenza From Plague to Influenza in Western India - 1994, city of Surat was at the epicentre of an plague epidemic in Western India - This led to fear, discrimination, flight, neglect, quarantine, distrust, economic losses, isolation - Stigma epidemic spread much farther and faster than the pathogen itself, severely inhibiting disease containment and control efforts and creating additional social and health problems related to major economic losses (stock market) - Following this, the city improved sanitation, provision of PHC, increased public confide
More Less

Related notes for ANTC68H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.