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ANTC68 WINTER 2013 “Community response to avian flu in Central Java, Indonesia” by Padmawati & Nichter Introduction  Avian flu should be thought of as more than just an epidemiological challenge involving a disease of zoonotic origin  Rather, avian flu is a bio-social and bio-political challenge in Indonesia  Backyard farmers and poultry farmers are differentially influenced by various groups such as the media, government, education, foreign aid and rumors about who stands to profit form the disease  Themes: legitimacy of government, globalization, and true motives of corporations  This study was a pilot – ethnographic one that incorporated a commodity chain analysis as well as economic analysis  Impact of the decentralization of Indonesian government had great impact and great opportunity in regards to avian flu preparedness and response  Anthropological contributions or areas of study: o Illness perceptions and behaviors that impact disease transmission o Community organization and preparedness for an epidemic o Lines of communication authority and trust between governments, international experts and the media  Indonesia is an epicenter of avian flu H5n1 transmission  Control of avian flu in Indonesia is extremely challenging o Geographic: over 13, 000 islands, 4 most populous country o Logistical o Socio-economic o Political – decentralization; local authority and autonomy over matters of public health and disease preparedness, leads to unequal approaches and health disparities  Risk hierarchies are influenced by popular sentiment and perceptions of risks, special interests groups  Necessary to couple local disaster preparedness and public health programs that strengthen local capacity and build networks conducive to mutual support Methods  Ethnography using key informants Background Free – range backyard chickens  Ayam kampung – Indonesian names  Free range chickens are a form of flexible capital that can be sold at any time for emergency cash  Considered strength food – quality is superior to broiler chickens, 2X as more expensive too  Tougher meat, considered more tasty  Children play with them ANTC68 WINTER 2013 Commercial Poultry  Ayam negeri – uses multi nodal commodity chain  Several actors – farmers, distributors, traders, clients  Raised in factory farms, all sorts of hygiene and medications and vitamins  Not safe due to stench of bird droppings especially pregnant women and children  Ayam penelur – egg harvesting  Hygiene less lax on egg farms How is avian flu susceptibility understood locally? Sickness of birds  Backyard farmers see local birds as more resistant to disease because free range chickens are better adapted to the local environment, eat anything and are widely perceived to be stronger  Poultry farmers argue that factory farm raised chickens are far less susceptible to illness than free ranging chickens for several reasons  Less contract with other birds, given medicines, monitored, hygiene environment  Pig farmers are the most likely source of disease according to both bird farmers Human susceptibility  Both poultry workers and lay people alike did not think that routinely handling birds gave acquired immunity to avian flu How did the loca
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