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Chapter 22

BIOA01H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Gamete


Department
Biological Sciences
Course Code
BIOA01H3
Professor
Mark Fitzpatrick
Chapter
22

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Sharan Chinniah BIOA01
Chapter 22.2:
Reproductive Isolation:
Prezygotic Isolation: Isolating factors that occur before fertilization of the egg.
o Behavioural Isolation: Mating based on specific behaviours: rituals, songs, etc.
Chimpanzees and humans (sister taxa) will never provoke reproductive
impulses.
In plants, the incompatibility of incoming pollen with receiving flower
known as gamete isolation.
o Mechanical Incompatibility: The genitalia of a species is incompatible with other
species.
o Temporal Isolation: Species are isolated in time.
o Geographic Isolation: Species are isolated in space.
Two species of ladybug beetle are intimately connected to different
plants. They will almost never interbreed.
Postzygotic Isolation: Isolating factors that occur after fertilization of the egg.
o Genetic Incompatibility: Mating between two organisms with varying
chromosome counts.
Zygote fails to develop because the parental genomes are significantly
different.
Offspring is viable and matures; however, is infertile.
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