Chapter 2

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Biological Sciences
Stephen Reid

1 Chapter 2 The Role of ParadigmsParadigm a set of basic assumptions a general perspective that defines how to conceptualize and study a subject how to gather and interpret relevant data even how to think about a particular subject o Paradigms are an intrinsic part of a science serving the vital function of indicating the rules to be followeda paradigm injects inevitable biases into the definition and collection of data and may also affect the interpretation of facts 1 Biological ParadigmBiological paradigm of abnormal behaviour is a continuation of the somatogenic hypothesisThis perspective holds that mental disorders are caused by aberrant biological processesAka medical model or diseases modelFor a time the germ theory was the paradigm of medicine but it could not account for all diseases ex Heart disease An extreme example of the biological paradigms influence is Halls use of gynecological procedures to treat insanity in women from BC removal of ovarian cysts or the entire ovaries was a treatment for melancholia mania and delusions ex Mrs D delusions that her husband was trying to poison herThose working with the biological paradigm assume that answers to puzzles of psychopathology will be found within the body a Behaviour Genetics o Genes carriers of the genetic information DNA passed form parents to child o Behaviour genetics is the study of individual differences in behaviour that are attributable in part to differences in genetic makeup o Genotype total genetic makeup of an individual consisting
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