CITB02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter week4: Saskia Sassen, Dystopia, John Friedmann

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5 Jul 2018
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BRENNER AND KEIL – FROM GLOBAL CITIES TO GLOBALIZED URBANIZATION
-the combined demographic, economic, socio-technologicla,, material-metabolic and
socio-cultural processes of urbanization have created a globalized network of spatially
conc. Human settlements and infrastructural config. Where capitalism is
conc./reproduced/contested
- urbanizatn. Rates are higher now than ever before in history despite IT, low transport
costs etc.
- Lefebvre anticipated the generalization of capitalist urbanization processes through a
planetary fabric/web of urbanized spaces  predicted that process of urbanization
would come to condition all major aspects of human social life and that earth itself
would hinge on the dynamics of urbanization
- Ubran scholars study: emergent forms of globalized urbanization and their dynamics
on social/political/economics w/I and beyond major cities
Urbanizaton and global capitalism
- World city was being analyzed in the 1980s to look at capitalism and restructuring post
WWII  eg. Postwar theorists viewed nation state as basic container of political-
economic and spatial order
oThus: post war looked at cities as if they were organized w/I national territories
This vision was challenged in the 1980s  eg. Lefebvre, Harvey looked at
capitalist character through modern urbanization processes
Contemporary cities were viewed as spatial materializations of core
social processes associated w/ capitalist production and accumulation
Suggested: cities have to be looked w/I a macro geographical context
w/ ongoing development and spatial expansion
Urbanization was an active moment w/I ongoing production and
transformation of capitalism
- These new approaches came when older industrialized cities were having socio-spatial
transformations  eg. Emergence of transnational corporations, Fordism,
oFORDIST = productivity in mass production technologies and collaboration
between capital and labour = rising working class incomes
Nationally , Fordism was regulated demand for consumer good,
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Document Summary

Brenner and keil from global cities to globalized urbanization the combined demographic, economic, socio-technologicla,, material-metabolic and socio-cultural processes of urbanization have created a globalized network of spatially conc. Rates are higher now than ever before in history despite it, low transport costs etc. Ubran scholars study: emergent forms of globalized urbanization and their dynamics on social/political/economics w/i and beyond major cities. World city was being analyzed in the 1980s to look at capitalism and restructuring post. Wwii eg. postwar theorists viewed nation state as basic container of political- economic and spatial order: thus: post war looked at cities as if they were organized w/i national territories. This vision was challenged in the 1980s eg. lefebvre, harvey looked at capitalist character through modern urbanization processes. Contemporary cities were viewed as spatial materializations of core social processes associated w/ capitalist production and accumulation. Suggested: cities have to be looked w/i a macro geographical context w/ ongoing development and spatial expansion.

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