CITB02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter week7: Concentrated Poverty, Soho Repertory Theatre, Chain Store

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5 Jul 2018
- the area in Portland has had a disappearance of traditional manufacturing and growth
of financial services + the residential conversion of lofts and office buildings 
neighbourhoods have been re-imagined as the creative hub of a symbolic economy
- in the process of developing alternative consumption practices, these contribute to
changes that make these sapces more desirable  eg. Even in old neighbourhoods, the
flats have been transformed into luxury housing
o“blight has been transformed into hip”
-1980s: the process of upgrading properties w/o tearing down buildings is gentrification
othis was after Jane Jacobs’ book about the Life/Death of great American cities
and one that celebrated the relations of neighbourhoods; was against large-sclae
urban renewals
oshe also worked to defeat Robert Moses and the NYC gov. plans to destroy old
warehouses, factories, stores, and replace them w/ expressways and public
housing projects etc.
too few middle-class at that point to change Lower Manhattan’s image 
people were moving to suburbs really fast
when that gen.’s children grew up, they migrated/remaine din the city;
for new college educated residents, the city was a mass of cultural edgy
venues and restored residential facades: islands of renewal in the seas of
where parent gen. saw decay, the young dwellers saw beauty in the
excitement of the city  opp. To view of plants who wanted streets to be
less crowded w/ more skyscraper; new gen. Liked loft buildings,
cobblestone streets etc b/c was authentic
- new college educated urban residents work in low-wage, temp jobs  share expectation
w/ wealthier lifestyles than they can actually participate in
- most urban gentrifiers lead an aesthetic life  go to bars, art galleries, rent overpriced
apartments, fetishize the ethnic diversity of their lower-income neighbours
ois part of an image of an “authentic urban exp”
Authentic Spaces
- mobility allows us to see a neighbourhood in the way it looks, allow us to see its
standard of urbanity, judge its character etc.
- the more connected we are to its social life, the less we are to call it authentic  creates
neighbourhoods as a “space of representation” rather than a lived exp, we think of
them purely objectively (eg. A real estate agent looks at them in terms of only money),
while artists look at it like “is it interesting, real etc.”
- old theory: men/women are more authentic if they are closer to nature than to the
institutional disciplines of power  offers psychic consolation to social groups who do
not have a realistic chance of gaining rewards from powerful elites or taking control of
powerful institutions
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