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CLAA06H3 (39)
Chapter 18-20

Chapter 18-20

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Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLAA06H3
Professor
Alexandra Pohlod
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER18OEDIPUSANDTHEMYTHSOFTHEBESThebestheprincipalcityoftheplainofBoeotiaoCenterofpowerinboththeBronzeAgeandtheClassicalPeriodThecityofThebesisuniqueinGreeklegendbecausethereare2separatestoriesexplainingitsfoundationoOnebeginswithEuropawhodisappearedovertheseaonthebackofabullHerbrotherswenttosearchforherbutonlyCadmusdidntgiveupandhefollowedacowwithspecialmarkingsuntilthecowstoppedfromexhaustionandCadmusdidashewastoldandcametoahillinsouthernBoeotiaandbuiltThebesonitWishingtosacrificethecowtoZeusandsenthiscompanionstogetwaterforthesacrificebuttheydidnotreturnandtheyhadbeenkilledbyalargedragonCadmuskilledthedragonandploweditsteethintothegroundupsprungarmedmenandCadmusthrewstonesatthembutthenewbornwarriorsbattledeachotheruntilonly5remainedknownastheSpartisownmenancestorsoftheprincipalaristocraticfamiliesofThebesAfterCadmusresignedhisgrandsonbrieflyruleduntilhediedandthenCadmusunknownsonPolydoruscametothethroneandmarriedawomannamedNycteisandthenonPolydorusdeathbedheturnedthecrownovertohiswifesfatherNycteusoMeanwhileZeusseducedNycteusotherdaughterAntiopewhichgotherfatherangryandhedroveheroutofThebesoAntiopetookrefugewithakingofSicyoninthePeloponnesusandmarriedhimoNycteusorderedhisbrotherLycustokillthekingandtakeAntiopeprisonerandhedraggedherbacktoThebesOnthewayshehidinbushesandgavebirthtothetwinsshewasholdingandashepherdfoundthemraisedthetwinsnamedAmphionandZethusoWhenLycusreturnedtoThebeshehandedAntiopeovertohiswifeDircewholockedherinacellandtorturedherdailybuteventuallyAntiopeescapedintoahutwherehertwinswereandtheysomehowrecognizedherHertwinswantedrevengeonDirceandtheyhuntedherdowntiedhertoawildbullwhichdraggedhertodeathandthentheykilledLycus
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