Exploration geologists were formerly called prospectors performed this job.
•Geoscientists may work for an exploration company looking for gold silver and other medals-
or more recently for diamonds.
•The discipline of geology has broadened its scope over the past several decades. The location of
geological resources are more important than ever, however at the same time the skills of the
geoscientists are required to address additional issues such as migration of the effects of natural
hazards and other environmental concerns.
•Modern geologists specialize in a number of areas:
Geochemists are comfortable working in the ordered environment of the laboratory and use
high technology equipment to analyze the chemistry of rocks or minerals.
Mineralogists study minerals.
Petrologists study the make up of rocks and how they form.
Other geoscientists called geophysicists employ high tech equipment in the field (ie boats,
ships, planes, or satellites.) to learn more about the physical conditions on or under the
Petroleum geologists search for oil and gas.
Seismologists study how to measure and mitigate earthquake activity.
Paleontologist is a specialist who studies the fossilized remains of ancient organisms, wether
gigantic dinosaurs or the remains or organisms to small to see without a powerful
microscope (micro paleontologist)
Glacial geologists study the landforms and sediments left behind from when the ice sheets
covered the northern part of North America in Canada
Hydrogeologists study and protect the water within sediments because it is an increasingly
•Todays geoscientists have the advantage of working in many different areas, both by geography
and topic. Some include teaching, and working for the government.
•APGO- The association of professional geologists
•APEGGA- The association of Professional Engineers, Geologists, and Geophysicists of Alberta
•Geoscientists often deal with information that is sensitive and/or financially significant (e.g a
parcel of land that has been extensively contaminated by chemicals, or mineral deposits that
haven been discovered.)
Environmental Geology: New Challenges for Geoscientists
•Basic commodities such as metals, oil and gas still need to be found and exploited.
•Canada is now one of the most urbanized countries in the world, with more than 75% of its
population living in cities and towns. Urban populations create large amounts of waste, consume
cast quantities of water, and create many environmental problems.
•The new challenge for today's geoscientist is to relate to the finding and managing of drinking
water, and in dealing with a wide variety of wastes ranging from radioactive waste to household
•Environmental problems are dealt with by environmental geoscientists, they help determine
where sufficient groundwater is, and how it can be protected.
•Questions such as “have past land uses released contaminants into the ground- and if so, where
are they?” need to be answered. In order to do this, environmental geoscientists increasingly
need to “see” underground using geophysical techniques, geochemical data, and flow models to
create a 3-d picture of what is below our feet. The 3-D arrangement of strata and the type of