•Geochemists are comfortable working in ordered environment of the laboratory and use high-
technology equipment to analyze the chemistry of rocks or minerals. They may consult with
mineralogists, who study minerals, or petrologists, who study the make up of rocks and how they form
(more often than not by volcanic activity and by being altered by head and pressure either at the earth’s
surface or deep below).
•Geophysicists geologists employ high-tech equipment in the field, using boats, ships, planes, or
satellites to learn more of the nature of the physical conditions on or under the earth’s surface. Similar
techniques can be used by petroleum geologists (in search for oil and gas).
•Seismologists study how to measure and mitigate earthquake activity.
specialist who studies the fossilized remains f ancient organisms, whether gigantic
dinosaurs or the remains of organisms too small to see.
•Glacial Geologists studies landforms and sediments.
•Hydrogeologists sediments contain and transmit water, an increasingly important mineral that is
studied and protected by hydrogeologists.
•Professional associations – the Association of Professional Engineers of Ontario (APGO) or the
Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists and Geophysicists of Alberta (APEGGA).
Environment Geology: New Challenges for Geoscientists
•Finding and managing of drinking water (mostly ground water), and in dealing with a wide variety of
wastes ranging from radioactive waste to household (municipal) waste. Environmental Geoscientists
•Real estate and insurance businesses also employ environmental geoscientist to provide key
information regarding past used of lands and building as part of due diligence process.
•Engineering geologists work closely with civil engineers and are concerned with providing information
about the substrates on which buildings, roads, bridges, and other infrastructure are to be built. They
need to know what soils or rocks might create problems for that foundation.
•Creation of digital maps and 3D geological models for resource exploration and environmental and
engineering applications is one of the roles of a new type of geoscientist called a geomatician.
•Today’s geoscientists usually work as part of a team with biologists, lawyers, engineers, planners and
policy makers. He or she commonly works for an environmental consulting company or increasingly
municipal or provincial government.
WHAT IS THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD?
•Scientific method identifies a problem; select a methodology to collect data in order to help solve
the problem. Having collected the data they then analyze and interpret the information possibly using
maps or computer graphics as tools and come up with a solution.
•Using data that are appropriate to solve the problem, the geologists create a hypothesis.