ENVIRONMENT: THE SCIENCE BEHIND THE STORIES W/MYENVIRONMENTPLACE Chapter 6 Readings

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Department
Environmental Science
Course
EESA01H3
Professor
Carl Mitchell
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 6: Human Population Central Case: Chinas One-child Policy: Pop. of Earth is 6.7 billion as of 2008 One-child policy was put forth bc as pop. kept growing and growing the resources in China began to decline and peoples standard of living decreasedone-child policy made it better for the government to control its social, economic, environmental challenges Human population: approaching 7 billion India is on course of surpassing China as the world most populated country Pop. has doubled since 1966 and is growing roughly 80 million peopleyr. (nearly 2.6 people are addedthat is births minus deathsevery second) Exponential growtheven if growth rate remains steady, population size will increase by greater increments with each successive generation Perspectives on human population have changed over time: At the outset of industrial revolution in England of 1700s pop. growth was a good thing o for parents, a high birth rate meant more children to support them at old age o for society, it meant a greater pool of labour for factory work Thomas Malthus: (1) favoured pop. growth as society industrialized (2) argued that the pressure of pop. growth on the availability of resources could lead to disaster Paul Ehrlich: predicted that the rapidly increasing human pop. would unleash th widespread famine and conflict that would consume civilization by the end of the 20 century Is population growth really a problem today? Worlds ongoing pop. growth is bc of technological innovations, improved sanitation, better medical care, increased agricultural output, and other factors that made death rates decline www.notesolution.com
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