Textbook Notes (367,754)
Canada (161,370)
EESA06H3 (234)
N.Eyels (5)
Chapter 1

TextBook Notes for Introduction to planet earth Chapter 1

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Department
Environmental Science
Course
EESA06H3
Professor
N.Eyels
Semester
Winter

Description
Textbook Notes For Chapter 1 Chapter 1: Introduction to Physical Geology and the Environment What is Geology? Geology – the study of earth Moving Continents 1.1 William Smith – Father of English Geology, first to publish a geological map 1.2 William Logan – first to systematically describe the geology of Canada (Candian) - Cross-section – a hypothetical vertical slice thru the land 1.3Alfred Wegener – theory of continental drift in 1912 “The Origin of Continents and Oceans” - Pangea – continents has previously been clustered together in a large land mass 1.4 J. Tuzo Wilson – plate tectonics theory in the early 1970s (Canadian) - Transform faults – large-scale faults that offset the crust laterally but neither created nor destroyed material, now recognized as a major plate boundary type - Hot spots – active volcanoes, young volcanic islands stuck in the middle of the oceans - Volcanic islands chains (ex: Hawaiian Islands) resulted from a moving plate drifting over a stationary magma plume in the mantle – support for plate tectonic theory Time and Geology Deep time – vastly greater amounts of time (more than hours, years) Mid-ocean ridge – a giant mountain range that lies under the ocean Earth is estimated to be at least 4.55 Ga years old What do Geoscientists Do? 1.5 Exploration Geologists – looking for gold, diamonds and other metals Geoscientists – expand the scope and responsibilities of modern geologist into additional scientific fields - Geochemists – working in a ordered environment of the laboratory and
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