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Canada (161,962)
EESA06H3 (234)
Nick Eyles (205)
Chapter 1

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Environmental Science
Nick Eyles

Chapter 1: Introduction to Physical Geology and the Environment What is Geology? Geology: the study of the Earth. William Smith: father of English geology. William Logan: first to systematically describe the geology of Canada. Alfred Wegener: wrote about continental drift; the movement of continents on the Earths surface. o Pangea: todays continents had previously been clustered together in a large land mass but had subsequently moved apart. o Northern Pangea: Laurasia o Southern Pangea: Gondwana Tuzo Wilson: developed plate tectonics theory. Mid-Oceanic Ridge: a giant mountain range that lies under the ocean. The Earth is estimated to be at least 4.55 billion years old. Exploration Geologists: work for an exploration company looking for gold, silver and diamonds. Geoscientists: can specialize in a number of areas within the discipline like geochemists (work in laboratories), mineralogists (study minerals), petrologists (study rocks), seismologists (study earthquakes), paleontologist (study fossilized remains) and geophysicists (study the nature of physical conditions on or under the Earths surface). Environmental
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