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University of Toronto Scarborough
Financial Accounting
Liang Chen

Chapter 10 Static and Flexible Budgets Notes Budgeting N budget a formalized financial plan for operations of an organization for a specified future period; used to assign decision rights to individual managers within an organization N several objectives are met through the use of budgets: o developing and communicating organizational strategies and goals for the entire firm, segment, division, or department o assigning decision rights (authority to spend and responsibility for decision outcomes) o motivating managers to plan in advance o coordinating operating activities such as sales and production o establishing prices for the internal transfer of goods and services o measuring and comparing expected and actual outcomes o monitoring actual performance and investigating variances when necessary o motivating managers to provide appropriate estimates, meet expectations, and use resources efficiently o re-evaluating and revising strategies and operating plans as conditions change N decision rights responsibilities and financial decision-making authority of individual managers Budget Cycles N budget cycle series of steps used to develop and use budgets N managers typically begin the process by revisiting and possibly revising the organizational vision and core competencies Master Budgets N master budget comprehensive plan for an upcoming financial period, usually a year N budgeted financial statements forecasts of the future income statement, balance sheet, and cash flows, given the master budget N operating budget budget for revenues, production, and operating costs N financial budgets budget for capital expenditures, long-term financing, and cash flows www.notesolution.com
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