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FREB44H3 Chapter Notes -Acoustic Phonetics

Course Code
Karen Mc Crindle

of 1
Lecture 1
Phonétique (Phonetic): of or pertaining to speech sounds, their production, or their transcription in
written symbols
Phonologie (Phonology): the study and the distribution and patterning of speech sounds in a language
and of tacit rules governing pronounciation
Phonèmes: speech sounds
Paires minimales (minimal pairs): pairs of words or phrases in a particular language which differ in only
one phonological element (e.g. pat + bat)
Énon: read out, pronounced
Diacritique (diacritic): a mark, point or sign added or attached to a letter or character to distinguish it
from another of similar form to give it a particular phonetic value, to indicate stress (e.g. circumflex)
The difference between Phonetics and Phonology:
Phonetics relates to the sounds of language and phonology studies how the sounds are put
together to create meaning
Phonetics study phonemes (units of sound) that are used in languages to create words
Phonology studies the rules in a language that govern how phonemes are combined to create
meaningful words
The Branches of Phonetics:
The production of sound (phonetic articulation)
Transmission (acoustic phonetics)
Perception or reception (auditive phonetics)