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Chapter 2

Chapter 2 Notes

10 Pages

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Charles H

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Chapter 2: Environmental Issues in CitiesA Brief History The First Cities -began as a shift from tribal communities and villages to larger, more complex, social, economic and political systems -the earliest cities were found in Mesopotamia -the worlds first cities have arisen in regions where climate and soil allowed the land to provide an abundance of plant and animal life -this is necessary to support large populations -the implementation of social power that directed labor and the production of a surplus created cities -agricultural surplus did not create cities, cities created agricultural surplus The Rise and Fall of Mayan Cities -the Maya lived in the area in Central America which now consists of Yucatan, Guatemala, Belize, and southern Mexico -has a population density several times greater than the average European city -highly accomplished in astronomy -permeated their lives and structured their cities -cities were designed to coincide with astronomical rhythms -many temples have doorways and other features that coordinate to celestial events -large plazas were surrounded by the most important government and religious building at the heart of the Mayan cities th -in the beginning of the 18 century, the great Mayan cities were abandoned as wars raged and people fled -the Mayan heartland had lost 95 percent of its population by 930 ACE -this is known as the Mayan collapse www.notesolution.com
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