Socio-nature: intertwining of social and natural processes in the
transformation of nature.
Cyborg Urbanization: mechanical insertions into natural urban spaces.
straightening of river channels
Modern cities ideal: concrete built form conflicts with ideals of nature
Linear metabolism: traditional metabolism of cities where resources move
through urban systems without concern about the origin or destination of their
Circular metabolism: every output from a city becomes an input which
renews the living environment (resources are recycled).
Urban Planning: future ideas and implementable practices for shaping land
use and social processes in cities.
Sustainable Urban Planning: future ideas and implementable practices for
shaping and mitigating human impacts on the natural environment in cities.