GGRA03 Landscape, Nature and Environment
Key concepts in the study of urban environments and urban geography:
Examines how pristine nature (trees, wildlife, water, soil, grasslands,
etc.) is produced through social decisions and practices.
Nature is constantly re-produced through the evolution of social
decisions and practices.
The relationship between social decisions and practices and changing
natural landscapes makes it impossible to separate ‘society’ from
Socio-nature: intertwining of social and natural processes in the
transformation of nature.
Cyborg Urbanization: mechanical insertions into natural urban spaces.
straightening of river channels
The production of nature is highly apparent in cities due to population
concentration, industrial activity and infrastructure (under and above the
The urban natural landscape is always changing due to political decisions,
economic interests, and public needs and uses: social production of nature
Example: Chicago River
every day on St Patrick’s Day: engineers pour green food colouring
into the River,
Toronto Waterfront: landfill used to create new land
Three Gorges Dam:
Three Gorges Dam: (start of construction: 1994)
It is located on 1000 km west of Shanghai along the Yangtze River in Sandouping
It currently holds the largest hydro-electric power station in the world.
It represents China’s reliance on energy to meet demands of rapid
industrialization and urbanization