GGRA03 (Week 6): Smart Growth and Compact Cities
1990s: North American policy for the establishment of growth management
policies and practices in urban regions.
Establishment of urban growth boundaries: greenbelts
Developed within existing urban boundaries.
Nodal Development: growth focused around existing urban nodes/centres (transit,
Public concern about suburban expansion.
Encroachment on regional agricultural lands – decrease in rural land.
Greenfield Development: new residential, commercial and physical
infrastructure development on formerly agricultural of wilderness lands.
Government and private sector concern about economic impacts of sprawled
development – economic limits to urban growth.
Government and private sectors: waste of money.
Suburban ideal based on benefits of living in country and city in one location
Places to grow plan for the Greater Golden Horseshow (Southern Ontario)
2000: province of Ontario initiated Smart growth plan for southern Ontario
inspired by smart growth plans in American cities
concerned with impacts of traffic congestion on goods shipment
Places to grow plan: liberal provincial initiates Places to Grow Act (2005) and
Places to Grow Plan (2005)
Guiding and managing growth in southern Ontario for next 30 years
Key Components of Places to Grow Plan: