Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Geography (142)
GGRA03H3 (34)
Chapter

Chpt 9: Urbanization and Cities.doc

3 Pages
117 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Geography
Course
GGRA03H3
Professor
Andre Sorensen
Semester
Summer

Description
GGRA03: Week 2 (An Urbanizing World: Cities and the Environmental Problematic) Urbanization and Cities:  What is the difference between urban and city?  Definitions was first determined by Henri Lefebvre, French philosopher  Urban = the characteristics attributed to a physical space (city), more intangible in nature  City = a physical space with urban characteristics, more tangible in nature  Urban characteristics? • higher densities (population and buildings) • less farming area • higher concentration of employment • more roads and transportation infrastructure • higher concentration of political, religious, cultural and educational institutions • higher concentration of industries Urbanization: the process of becoming urban:  removal of rural characteristics of an area  associated with social and technological advancements  redistribution of populations from rural to urban settlements  migration from country to city th Urbanization through the 20 Century:  21 Century is the ‘urban millenium’ (United Nations)  1900: 13% of the global population was considered to live in an urban area  2005: 50% of the global population was considered to live in an urban area  60% of the global population is expected to live in an urban area in 2020  Urbanization level: number of people living in an area that is defined as ‘urban’  Urbanization rate: speed of urbanization process  Rise of global cities and ‘megacities’  Family connections.  Need for employment  Consolidation of agricultural practices in rural areas forces rural displacement.  Are there cities now obsolete in an age of electronic technology and the information economy?  Does place matter in a global society? Certain cities and regions have become key actors in the global economy:  Primary Global Cities - London, Tokyo, New York City  Secondary Global Cities - Los Angeles, Frankfurt, Sao Paolo, Hong Kong, Sydney, Mexico City, Toronto 3 Characteristics of Global Cities:  Command centres  Key locations and market places 
More Less

Related notes for GGRA03H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit