GGRC02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter week 10: Islamic Fundamentalism, Nuclear Weapons Testing, Jessica Lynch

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5 Jul 2018
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KUOKAKANEN: GLOBALIZATION AS RACIALIZED, SEXUALIZED VIOLENCE
- Economic globalization represents a multi-faceted attack on the foundation of their
existence
oTrade liberalization, export-oriented development involve exploiting natural
resources on ABR territories  eg. Logging, mining  all undermine ABR people,
and have env Degradation + militarization and violence
oABR economies are destroyed b/c increased out migration
oPrivatization + free trade and de-regulation have increased pressure on ABR
territories  many diminished resources are located on ABR land
Undermine the right of self-determination, of ABR people
oSuggest a new paradigm of violence where tension and conflicts can be used to
propel violence for economic and political ends
-Discussions on globalization and violence often fall short of analyzing the gendered
character of violence
oGlobal-centric frameworks disempower women
Eg. For ABr women: they work for grassroots decision making and
struggles for self-determination, but these are put on the “backburner”
Patraicahrial, globalcentric analyses fail to acknowledge and address the
various forms of violence that indig. Women face when they challenge
sexist, hierarchial power and gender relations in their own communities
oIf we do not take the gendering of power and its lcoations seriously, w risk
producing simplistic analysis that are naïve  have to think about gendered
violence
Need to theorize on how the systems of oppression (eg. Patriarchy,
capitalism, white supremacy) exist and how they link to globalization,
and how it intensifies/creates new forms of violence against ABR women
GLOB. Manifests as violence through the “imposition and
adoption” of dominant economic ideology
-To many ABR, GLOB. Is euphemism for colonization/neo-colonialism  represents
continued use of colonization w/ the use of more sophisticated methods like the IMF,
World Bank
-Colonialism was an expropriation of Indig. People/territories/resources/assimilaiotn
globalization is a direct exploitation of dispensable bodies for profit (eg. Sex slaves,
export processing zones, homeworking)
oRe-structuring of economics has changed exploitation of resources (colonialism)
to the exploitation of the body (globalization)
Women make 70-90% of the workers in the world’s export processing
zones and produce well over half of the world’s food
Women’s low wage labour is direct driving force for FDI in the South
Missing and murdered indigenous women
- About 500 ABR women have gone missing in CAN in the past 20 years
- 3 main concerns from Amnesty international for indig. women
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Document Summary

Undermine the right of self-determination, of abr people: suggest a new paradigm of violence where tension and conflicts can be used to propel violence for economic and political ends. Discussions on globalization and violence often fall short of analyzing the gendered character of violence: global-centric frameworks disempower women. For abr women: they work for grassroots decision making and struggles for self-determination, but these are put on the backburner . Patraicahrial, globalcentric analyses fail to acknowledge and address the various forms of violence that indig. Need to theorize on how the systems of oppression (eg. patriarchy, capitalism, white supremacy) exist and how they link to globalization, and how it intensifies/creates new forms of violence against abr women. Manifests as violence through the imposition and adoption of dominant economic ideology. Is euphemism for colonization/neo-colonialism represents continued use of colonization w/ the use of more sophisticated methods like the imf,