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Chapter 1-2

GGRC26H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1-2: Environmental Governance, Global Governance

Course Code
Anatasia H

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Week Two Reading Notes
A Greener Revolution in the Making?
The state (primary actor of the green revolution) is becoming less
o The reasos eig …
Shrinking states due to the rise of the neoliberal
economic reforms, the associated prescriptions of tax cuts,
smaller governments, and privatization
Lower budgets and human resources to implement and
enforce environmental policies
The efforts that the conservation organizations go through such as
buying land to keep it empty, shows three insights related to governance
o Sustainable enviro is a global good
o +ve enviro externalities exist @ a global scale
o cross-national perspectives on enviro stewardship need to be
valued in concrete material terms to protect enviro
market-based incentives and monetary valuation of the enviro resources
are no longer sufficient
there will be more nuanced thinking regarding hybrid forms for
o co-governance: b/w state agencies and communities
o public-private partnerships: b/w state agencies and businesses
o social-private partnerships: b/w businesses and
nongovernmental and/or communities
o multi-partner governance: actors from all three arenas
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the three main arenas of social interactions states, markets, and
o market-based mechanisms: taxes, prices, quotas
o communities have governed their natural resources for
millennia; very subtle
they have the power to pressure the state officials to
better allocate resources
Corporate partners benefit through getting greater societal legitimacy
NGOs benefit through new sources of finance for their conservation
Partnering with the state gives market actors and community more
The new goal of environmental governance is to elicit the will
cooperation of ind. Responses and regulation of resources to suit the
household between to governance
Governance without government
o Transform ind. Into instruments of their own governance
o There is a focus on ind. Response to governance
self-interest plays a role
private-social and public-private partnerships for pursuing enviro goals
holds the lure of greater efficiency but also of greening the market
o has greener corporate strategies
there are multi-actor partnerships that allow for all three agents to be
involved and it is usually dealing with governance of water, forests, and
climate change
An Imperfect Revolution
reconfiguration of environmental gov. so state is no longer the most
important or responsible
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