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Chapter

Tutorial 4 Notes


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Neville Panthaki

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1st Apocalypse—Great War I
x fight between empires—Turkey, Russia, France, Belgium
x Germany wants to rule Europe
o trade union
x Pros
o colonial expansion—Germany
x Cons
o industrial war (machine guns, mustard gas, submarines—“war zones”)
o warfare (trenches, frontline combat)
o large number of casualties
o efficient organization on the part of Germans
x technological advances being made as the war was happening and right before the war
x first industrialized war of such a scale
x 20 – 30 million people was the largest political mobilisation in China
x Germany is considered the youngest country, which is trying to establish itself
x Germany propaganda depicted Britain as an aging person
x the war can be related to sibling war over area and material items
x crisis: Boer War 1901, Moroccan Crisis 1905 – 1906, Russian Revolution
x the Russians, French, and Italians were all angry at Germans, they all wanted their territory back
x while Germany did not have any friends, they had allegations, especially Austria-Hungary
x advantages of war:
o territory, financial gains, labour gains
o technological advancements
o national prestige
x disadvantages of war:
o casualties, reparations, territorial loss
o Germany is in a position where they can be attacked by all sides because all are against them
o trade relations are hurt
x to promote war:
o propaganda
France and Russia threat (media)
raising nationalism amongst Germans
conscription
with the rise of commodity culture, there is a rise of propaganda
Hindenburg Myth—Hindenburg goes and defeats Russian army on battlefield, which is used to raise pride
amongst Germans on the basis of war
offensive policies
authoritarian government
socialists against war were brought down in the public as having not enough nationalism, being with the
enemies, and were thrown in jail and shamed in the public
x war is lucrative—neutral countries experienced booms in economy as their products were in demand
Fischer Reading
x What? Germans are to be blamed for the outbreak of WWI
o foreign policy aggressive, offensive
annexation of France and Belgium
pushing back Russia
imperial expansion in Africa putting themselves in direct competition with France, Britain, and Belgium
x French wanted their territory back, Italians wanted Tyrol back, British were angry that Germany was emerging as a
military power and trying to enter Africa
Midterm Review
x studying for exam—read, make notes, looking for common terms, cue cards—names/persons, dates, significance,
answering questions, drawing connections and visualizing it,
x questions on syllabus are good guide for studying for midterm
x 10 definitions which can be—time period (1914, 1871), person (Mahan, Wilson), wars (Crimean War, Boer War),
events/political system (Bismarckian System, Twenty-One Demands, Meiji Constitution)
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x ask all the why, what, where questions, and also the consequence of and relevance of
x 1914—WWI, talking about the up rise of the war
x 1871foundation of Germany, using Fischer reading
x Mahannavy, Monroe Doctrine, teacher of Roosevelt, Roosevelt Corollary
x Boer and Crimean war—British and Dutch imperialism in Africa, other imperial powers in Africa (French, Italians,
Germans, Belgians, etc.), using Meridian readings (from Red Rubber)
x Meiji ConstitutionTwenty-One Demands, Grenville chapters on Japan and China, railway system
x on exam, cite either the last name or title of chapter
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