Tutorial 9 Guiding Questions
1. How would you periodize the conflict of WWII (describe the conflict by theme)?
Date Summary Detailed Information
1938 German Anschluss with Austria
Hitler went ahead with his plans to unify all German-speaking
people. He annexed Austria then demanded the liberation of
Germany people in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
Neville Chamberlain flew to Germany to attempt a settlement
before war broke out.
30 Sept. 1938 Treaty of Munich
Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier of France and Mussolini of Italy
went to Munich and agreed that Hitler should have the Sudetenland
of Czechoslovakia. The Czechs were not represented at the meeting
and realized that no country would come to their aid. They were
forced to surrender the Sudetenland to Germany. Hitler assured
those at the meeting that this was the extent of his ambitions for
expansion. Chamberlain returned to England with a piece of paper
signed by Hitler, proclaiming “peace in our time”.
March 1939 Hitler invades Czechoslovakia Despite the assurances given by Hitler in the Treaty of Munich
(Sept. 1938), he marched into Czechoslovakia and occupied the
March/April 1939 Britain rearms and reassures
Britain had begun re-arming and a highly secret radar early warning
system was installed along the east coast. Conscription was
introduced and assurances were given to Poland, who was being
threatened by the Fuhrer.
Late Aug. 1939 Russia and Germany sign pact Hitler and Stalin signed a non-aggression pact which included
secret clauses for the division of Poland.
1 Sept. 1939 Hitler invades Poland Hitler invaded Poland.
3 Sept. 1939 Britain and France declare war
on Germany Britain and France declared war on Germany. Neville Chamberlain
broadcast the announcement that the country was at war.
Sept. 1939 – May
1940 “Phoney War” The months following Britain’s declaration of war are referred to as
the “Phoney War” because Britain saw no military action.
April/May 1940 Hitler invades Denmark and
Hitler invaded and occupied Denmark and Norway to safeguard
supply routes of Swedish ore and also to establish a Norwegian
base from which to break the British naval blockade on Germany.
10 May 1940 Blitzkrieg Hitler launched his blitzkrieg (lightning war) against Holland and
Belgium. Rotterdam was bombed almost to extinction. Both
countries were occupied.
13 May 1940 Chamberlain resigns
Neville Chamberlain resigned after pressure from Labour members
for a more active prosecution of the war and Winston Churchill
became the new head of the wartime coalition government.
Chamberlain gave Churchill his unreserved support. Ernest Bevin
was made Minister of Labour and recruited workers for the
factories and stepped up coal production. Lord Beaverbrook,
Minister of Aircraft Production increased production of fighter
26 May 1940 Dunkirk (Operation Dynamo)
The British commander-in-chief, General Gort, had been forced to
retreat to the coast of Dunkirk. The troops waited, under merciless
fire, to be taken off the beaches. A call went out to all owners of
sea-worthy vessels to travel to Dunkirk to take the troops of the
beaches of Dunkirk. More than 338 000 men were rescued, among
them some 140 000 French who would form the nucleus of the Free
French army under a little known general, Charles de Gaulle.
11 June 1940 Italy enter war on side of Axis
Italy entered the war on the side of the Axis powers. Italy’s motive
for entering the war was the hope of rich pickings from the spoils of
22 June 1940 France signs armistice with
The French, Marshall Petain, signed an armistice with Germany
taking France which had been devastated, out of the war and into