HISC65 Chapter 2: Week 2 .docx
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Translatio Sancti Marci: Pages 88-94
Political and economic precocity that identified Venetian history is seen through Saint
Mark from Alexandria in 827.
The translation of saint Mark has been studied with much attention than has any other
relic theft because of its acknowledged pivotal importance in the history of Venice
827 Venice was trying to maintain the maximum independence from Carolingian Italy.
In 827 Carolingians scored a big victory over the Greek churches of Adriatic mainly the
Venetian at the Synod of Mantua, the occasion of synod was an effort to end centuries old
conflict between Aquileia and Grado for primacy
The church of Grado argued that when patriarch paul of Aquileia fled to Grado in the face
of Lombard invasion taking with him the relics of the church he permanently formed the
patriarch in that city
Carolingian emperors were concerned with the question of ecclesiastical and hence
political domination of the area.
Venetian reaction to the ecclesiastical argument used to support the political decision
which resulted in the determination to steal the body of the saint Mark
By the time of Synod it was believed that the founder of the church of Aquileia was Mark
the Evangelist sent from Rome by Peter to convert northern Italy
The decisions that favoured Aquileia had gone unchallenged it would amount to a major
setback for the venetians efforts toward autonomy. The doge giustiniano particiaco and
his churchment couldn’t countenance such a defeat. Particiaco looked for effective
method of neutralizing this synodal decree and found a way in the acquisition of the
body of saint mark
The importance of apostolic sees was a well formed and in Italy belief in the superiority
of churches possessing the remains of Apostles had a vunerable tradition by the 9th
A common was the apostolic character of the church in Rome with the tombs of peter and
paul since the time of saint ambrose northern Italian towns which couldn’t claim
apostolic foundation for their churches had been acquiring relics of apostles for religious
and political reasons.
Its impossible to say what happened in 827 when the relics were acquired, the first
mention is found in the will of Doge Particiaco in which he directed concerning the body
of blessed Mark
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