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Week 10 Meridian notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Neville Panthaki

1. Sun Yatsens Three Principles of the People by Sun Yatsen Sun Yatsen (Sun Zhongshan, 1866 1925) is not only heralded as the father of Chinese revolution, but is among a tiny number of political activists who are revered in both the Peoples Republic of China and on Taiwan, in the Republic of China Sun was born to a peasant family in China, but spent much of his early life abroad studying medicine and becoming involved in political organization to overthrow the Qing Dynasty (1644 1911) while in Tokyo in 1905, he founded the Revolutionary Alliance (Tongmenghui), and after the Revolution of 1911 toppled the Qing, Sun briefly became the provisional president of China the Revolutionary Alliance became the Nationalist Party (Guomindang or Kuomintang) and garnered considerable popular support until the new president, Yuan Shikai (1859 1916) had one of the Nationalist leaders killed and Sun fled to Japan during the ensuing warlord era (1916 1927), Sun Yatsen prepared the Nationalist Party and its army in southern China to unify the nation, and even entered into an alliance with the fledgling Chinese Communist Party in 1923 when Sun died of cancer, Chiang Kaishek (1887 1975) became Nationalist Party leader, and he was deeply suspicious of Communists Sun wished to unify China under Nationalist Party leadership, and he had to galvanize support for his plan the Three Principles constituted the core of Suns philosophythe third principle, translated here as socialism, is also translated as the peoples livelihood, a less politically charged term that makes it far more acceptable in Taiwan 2. Mao on Peasant Movements by
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