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Chapter 12

HLTA02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Birth Weight, Genitourinary System, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Health Studies
Course Code
Michelle Silver

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Chapter 12: Women’s Lives, Women’s Health
Women are not a homogenous group, life experiences of women vary across
Racial minority women are especially disadvantage was they deal with ethic and sexual
Gender, Health, and Illness
Women get sicker, but men die quicker in developed countries
At the turn of the 19th century, women’s life expectancy has climbed
The life expectancy between men and women are slowly narrowing
Canada is 9th overall (79), 11th in women (81.7), and 7th in men (76.3) for life expectancy
compared to the world
Ricmond, BC in Canada has the highest life expectancy while Region de Nunaik in Quebec has
the lowest
First Nation life expectancy is 76.6 women and 68.9 men
Life expectancy is correlated to economic development
The highest cause of mortality is coronary heart disease (CHD), affects more men than women
Women report incidences of illness then men
Highest rates of separation in women at the hospital was due to pregnancy, circulatory disease,
digestive diseases, and respiratory diseases
Women are more likely to be hospitalized overall. Higher rates in cancer, mental disorders,
digestive diseases, genitourinary diseases, and muscular disease
Female more likely to attain a mental disorder. Like psychoses, neurotic disorder, adjustment
reaction, depressive. Men have more schizophrenia, alcohol, and drug dependence
Women more likely to commit suicide and be depressed, but men more likely to die cause of it
Women use more Anti-depressant drugs
Explanation of Gender Differences in Morbidity and Mortality
Three ways to differentiate: artefact, genetic causation, and social causation
Artefact: argues that there is no difference and it is just that rates are higher because women
are more likely to report illness more often
Genetic: genetic predisposed for certain disease and resistant to others
Social: feminization of poverty” is the notion that women are more likely to be poor than men.
Males are more likely to get into accidents as they are more daring in social settings. Differential
exposure theory states that men and women are exposed to different stress. The differential
vulnerability theory states that men and women respond to stress differently because they
associate different means and context
Not all women are treated the same, some better than others
Healthy immigrant effect: causes for entry of healthier people due to screening
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