HLTB15H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Rigour, Internal Validity, Symbolic Interactionism

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28 Oct 2016
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Chapter 2: competing paradigms & health research: design & process. Two major approaches to doing research: positivist. Deductive form of reasoning theory or hypothesis & then plan on how to observe and collect data. Inductive form of reasoning observe first leading to a theory or hypothesis. Epistemology a theory or philosophy about the nature of knowledge and the stance we take on how we come to know what we know about the world. Paradigm framework for a set of beliefs about what should be studied, what methods should be used and how data should be interpreted for gaining knowledge of the natural or social world. Key assumption applied in clinical research, is that the body and body parts are taken as o(cid:271)je(cid:272)ts for resear(cid:272)h, a(cid:374)d that there is a si(cid:373)ilarity i(cid:374) the (cid:271)ody"s i(cid:374)ter(cid:374)al fu(cid:374)(cid:272)tio(cid:374) a(cid:374)d likely course of disease.

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