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Chapter

HLTB15H3 Chapter Notes -Stress Management, Health Promotion


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB15H3
Professor
Iva Zovkic

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HLTB15 WINTER 2013
Week # 9: “Wellness Factors in First Year College Students” by LaFountaine et Al.
Abstract
Students filled out a Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle (WEL) survey and it was found that students
scored highest on love, and sense of worth and lowest on the nutrition and stress management
Introduction
College campuses prioritize health promotion activities to reach out to students
WHO’s definition of wellness includes physical, mental and social well being
o Encompasses spirituality and emotional health, physical too!
Previous uses of the WEL survey found that self regulation was different between traditional and
non traditional students, non students had higher levels of wellness compared to traditional college
students
Myers et al. developed the Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle (WEL) as a method for describing
wellness behaviors the encompass factors related to the body, mind and spirit
o Scales include ones on spirituality, sense of worth, nutrient, exercise, stress management
and love
Method
Recruited 1007 students, 535 males, 470 females
Ages 18-20
1st year students sampled, requirement of a Wellness course for all first years, that’s what caused
students to complete it
2 moderate-sized, Catholic, Midwest, liberal arts colleges
100% participant
Online version of WEL completed by all in the first week of the course
Results
Students scored highest on love and sense of worth
Lowest on nutrition and stress management
Discussion
First purpose of the study was to explore the wellness behaviors of 1st year college students
Ease of calculation due to online nature of survey
Love and sense of worth were the highest score aspects
o High scores in love dimension possibly reflect the importance of social connections in
this group of students
o Low incidence of sexual relationships on campus
o Higher love scores can be attributed to non-sexual friendships and close family ties
o Higher sense of worth might be related to increased love rating
Students score low on the nutrition and stress management were lower than others WEL scores
reported in this study
o Struggle with nutrition due to poor choices and due to increased stress leading to
snacking as a coping mechanism
o Stress management due to the never ending commitments to friends, family, social life,
academics, work, extracurricular and volunteering
o Being away from home can lead to further emotional issues dealing with stress
Compared to national average, 1st year college students had higher scores related to exercise, stress
management and nutrition
o Probably due to routines established in high school and home, likely to stick to it
compared to later college year students and non student adults
o Limited time can impact when juggled varied work and family responsibilities and can
have a negative impact on stress management, nutrition, nan exercise patterns
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