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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Plagues

Health Studies
Course Code
Caroline Barakat

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-Legionnairesโ€™ disease happend around 1976 and had symptoms of fever, chills, headache,
muscle pain, dry cough, vomiting, diarrhea, disorientation, hallucination, and loss of
๎€widespread fear that this disease was an early warning of an epidemic
๎€air was implicated as the probable pathway of spread of the disease, and the most popular
theory was that infection resulted from aspiration of bacteria (called Legionella) in
aerosolized water from either cooling towers or evaporative condensers
๎€aspiration is when secretions in the mouth get past the choking reflex and instead of
going into the esophagus and stomach, mistakenly enter the lungs and the mechanisms
that are normally present to prevent aspiration are defective in older people, smokers, and
those with lung disease
-Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) had symptoms of nausea, chills, diarrhea, rashes, brownish
discharge, multiorgan failure and potentially death
๎€caused by a bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus
๎€gender-specific disease
๎€was linked to the use of certain types of tampons, especially those containing cross-linked
carboxylmethyl cellulose with polyester foam
๎€late 1980s these tampon brands were removed from the market
-SARS outbreak happend around 2003 and had all the scary elements of a plague
๎€led to more than 8000 cases and 800 deaths occurring on every continent in the world
-new and old diseases can erupt and spread throughout the world more quickly because of
the increased and rapid movements of people and goods
-the germs that caused all the above mentioned diseases are parasites which are organisms
that benefit at the expense of another (the host)
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