Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
UTSC (20,000)
HLTB21H3 (100)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat
Chapter
1

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Plagues and peoples Chapter one Notes
Parasites: organism that grows, feeds, and is sheltered on or on a different organism and
that does not contribute to the survival of its host.
Virus: ultimate micro-parasite smaller than bacteria; neither cells not organisms; can
only reproduce within their host
Macro-parasites: composed of many cells; cycles through transmission stages (eggs and
larvae) which pass into the external environment
Transmission: movement of a parasite from host to host
Incubation Period: interval of time required for development of a disease
Latent period: seemingly inactive period between exposure to an infection and subsequent
illness
Parasite virulence: capacity of a parasite to cause disease
Zoonotic infections: animal infections that can be transmitted to humans
What are the main factors that influence the occurrence of a disease?
Host
Immunity
Genetics
Nutrition
Example: Person
Environment
Promote exposure
Example: Contaminated water
Agent
Biological
Physical
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