Textbook Notes (381,000)
CA (168,311)
UTSC (19,302)
HLTC22H3 (102)
Anna Walsh (49)
Chapter 11

Chapter 11 Textbook Notes

4 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC22H3
Professor
Anna Walsh

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HLTB01H3F: Health, Aging and the Life Cycle
Chapter 11
Social Support, Health, and Aging
Social support is important for both mental health and physical health throughout the life span, but
it may be especially important in late life.
Characteristics of the Social Support Network
Functions of Social Support
Three functions of social support have been identified:
oAid (instrumental help)
oAffect (emotional support)
oAffirmation (acknowledgment of one’s values or agreement with one’s attitudes)
Generally, instrumental support includes tangible aid.
For older people, this may be as simple as providing a ride to the grocery
store or mowing the lawn and often takes the form of help with the tasks of daily living, such as
activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs).
Emotional support refers to the quality of the person’s relationships with
others, including empathy, caring, companionship, love, and trust.
The intention of social support is often to alleviate the psychological
distress of the person.
Finally, affirmation is the knowledge and understanding that one’s belief’s
and attitudes are similar to others, therefore providing membership and acceptance in a group.
Social Suppor Network
Cantor and Little (1985)- describe three levels of social support:
oInformal
oQuasi-formal
oFormal
Informal Support
Informal support network members consist of family, friends, and neighbors.
This group provides instrumental and emotional support, companionship, acceptance, love,
understanding, and respect.
Primary caregivers to the elder people who needs assistance
Daughters more likely to help parents than sons [ sons help with repairment, management etc]
Living alone can place a person at risk of unavailable support
Neighbours were helpful in socialization and “tension reduction”
Men only trust and find their wives their main confidants
Women can socially interact and share with best friends and family
There is a difference between different ethnic backgrounds and the ways they take care of their
elderly
African American provided higher-intensity of care
1
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Description
HLTB01H3F: Health, Aging and the Life Cycle Chapter 11 Social Support, Health, and Aging Social support is important for both mental health and physical health throughout the life span, but it may be especially important in late life. Characteristics of the Social Support Network Functions of Social Support Three functions of social support have been identified: o Aid (instrumental help) o Affect (emotional support) o Affirmation (acknowledgment of ones values or agreement with ones attitudes) Generally, instrumental support includes tangible aid. For older people, this may be as simple as providing a ride to the grocery store or mowing the lawn and often takes the form of help with the tasks of daily living, such as activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Emotional support refers to the quality of the persons relationships with others, including empathy, caring, companionship, love, and trust. The intention of social support is often to alleviate the psychological distress of the person. Finally, affirmation is the knowledge and understanding that ones beliefs and attitudes are similar to others, therefore providing membership and acceptance in a group. Social Suppor Network Cantor and Little (1985)- describe three levels of social support: o Informal o Quasi-formal o Formal Informal Support Informal support network members consist of family, friends, and neighbors. This group provides instrumental and emotional support, companionship, acceptance, love, understanding, and respect. Primary caregivers to the elder people who needs assistance Daughters more likely to help parents than sons [ sons help with repairment, management etc] Living alone can place a person at risk of unavailable support Neighbours were helpful in socialization and tension reduction Men only trust and find their wives their main confidants Women can socially interact and share with best friends and family There is a difference between different ethnic backgrounds and the ways they take care of their elderly African American provided higher-intensity of care 1 www.notesolution.com
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