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HLTA02H3 (137)
Chapter 14

HLTB03 - Chapter 14

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Health Studies
Michelle Silver

Chapter 14 Evolving understandings of violence  Violence against women became significant in the 60-70’s  50% of women over 18 have faced at least on incidence of sexual or physical assault  29% of women in a marriage have reported at least one physical or sexual assault  Women have more sexual assault, but same physical assault at workplace  77% of nurses reported at least one incidence of assault, 50% was at risk for a physical assault  Three reasons for violence: interpersonal, family, and gender politics. Interpersonal focus on the individual and intrapersonal. Refers to the psychological understand and interpretation of the violence. Family model deals with family and couples. Violence can arise due to power or gender inequalities. The last model of gender politics deals with the social context. Feminist approach only takes one view, instead of both the male and women perceptive. Also there many other factors like race and status that can have more effects. Violence and Women’s Health at Intersections  Intersectionality observes how different forms of oppression deal with one another  Inequalities compound the impact of violence  Inequalities cause barriers for obtaining support for violence  Inequalities sustain notions of superiority and distance various people Violence affects Women’s Health  Causes physical, emotional, and mental abuse  Health effects are also seen in higher costs for the health care and social services systems Inequalities Compound the Impact of Violence  Less privileged women are exposed to more violence. They are more vulnerable. 22.6 women are disabled, and those with disabilities are 1.5-2 times more likely to be abused. Poverty also increases chances for violence  Less privileged women the more likely to disclosure (not tell anyone) of intimate partner violence (IPV). This is done to preserve culture, honour, and personal, social, economic costs. Studies showed that incomes of the women declined greatly after leaving an abusive partner. Also the loss of direct and indirect care occur for leaving.  The more forms the oppression a women faces, the more constrained are her “choice.” Financial and psychological independence are the key factors that deter women from either entering or staying in abusive relationships. Wife abuse occurred most in relationship witht he greatest sexual economic inequality. IPV does not prevent working, but prevent long stable jobs. Abuse interferes with the job performance by work disruption and work stalking Barriers of Support  Inequalities limit access to support  Professionals servi
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