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HLTA02H3 (139)
Chapter 12

HLTB03 - Chapter 12

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Michelle Silver

Chapter 12: Women’s Lives, Women’s Health  Women are not a homogenous group, life experiences of women vary across  Racial minority women are especially disadvantage was they deal with ethic and sexual discrimination Gender, Health, and Illness  Women get sicker, but men die quicker in developed countries  At the turn of the 19 century, women’s life expectancy has climbed  The life expectancy between men and women are slowly narrowing  Canada is 9 overall (79), 11 in women (81.7), and 7 in men (76.3) for life expectancy compared to the world  Ricmond, BC in Canada has the highest life expectancy while Region de Nunaik in Quebec has the lowest  First Nation life expectancy is 76.6 women and 68.9 men  Life expectancy is correlated to economic development  The highest cause of mortality is coronary heart disease (CHD), affects more men than women  Women report incidences of illness then men  Highest rates of separation in women at the hospital was due to pregnancy, circulatory disease, digestive diseases, and respiratory diseases  Women are more likely to be hospitalized overall. Higher rates in cancer, mental disorders, digestive diseases, genitourinary diseases, and muscular disease  Female more likely to attain a mental disorder. Like psychoses, neurotic disorder, adjustment reaction, depressive. Men have more schizophrenia, alcohol, and drug dependence  Women more likely to commit suicide and be depressed, but men more likely to die cause of it  Women use more Anti-depressant drugs Explanation of Gender Differences in Morbidity and Mortality  Three ways to differentiate: artefact, genetic causation, and social causation  Artefact: argues that there is no difference and it is just that rates are higher because women are more likely to report illness more often  Genetic: genetic predisposed for certain disease and resistant to others  Social: “feminization of poverty” is the notion that women are more likely to be poor than men. Males are more likely to get into accidents as they are more daring in social settings. Differential exposure theory state
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