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HLTA02H3 (135)
Chapter 24

HLTB03 - Chapter 24.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Michelle Silver

Ch 24 Canadian Blood Services - in 1998 two new organizations, Canadian Blood Services and Hema- Quebec, assumed the responsibility of managing the collection and distribution of blood and blood products from the Red Cross. While these organizations differ on some of their policies and procedures they are both regulated by Health Canada and must meet the same national regulatory standards. Hepatitis C - is a blood-borne disease that is spread by blood-to-blood contact with an infected person’s blood and which can cause liver inflammation, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. The estimates of people infected by transfusion-associated Hepa C range from 60,000-160,000. Variation in infection – 90% of those infected go to develop chronic hepatitis and from these, 10 percent will develop cirrhosis of the liver or liver cancer after 10 years. Human Immunodeficiency Virus - commonly known as HIV, this retrovirus primarily attacks the human immune system and affects vital organs such as the kidneys, heart, and brain. HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane with a bodily fluid containing the virus. - 5-10% transmitted by infected blood transfusion. o Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS estimated that 40 million people were currently living with HIV worldwide, and that more than 28 million people have already died from the disease. Aprox 2,000 Canadians became infect with HIV as a result of receiving a tainted transfusion Krever Inquiry - established by the Canadian Government in October 1993, the Royal Commission of Inquiry on the Blood System in Canada (aka Krever Inquiry) investig
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