Textbook Notes (362,796)
Canada (158,054)
HLTA02H3 (135)
Anna Walsh (16)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 and Chapters 12-22 Book Notes

13 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Anna Walsh

Part 1: The Canadian Health Care System and the Health Status of Canadians - Sociological studies of health, illness, and health care cover a wide range of issues, such as the structure and organization of the health care sector, medical institutions, inequalities in health status, and social, political, and economic determinants of the nature and composition of the health care delivery system - The perspectives have profound influence on these areas, such as definition and etiology of health and illness, funding, organization and delivery of health services, research directions, and health policies and reforms - Bolaria examines the evolution and prevalence of the dominant paradigms in medicine and their implications with regard to etiology as well as treatment of health and illness - Bolaria notes that the mechanistic-individualistic clinical approach remains the dominant paradigm in medicine which attributes disease to the malfunctioning of the human body and the treatment focuses on surgical or chemical interventions to restore normal functioning - Individuals receive treatment outside of and abstracted from their normal social and material contexts - Similar reductionist approach blames illness on individual lifestyles, behaviour, and consumption patterns - Both approaches, bolaria notes, obscure the social nature of disease; that is, human health and illness are embedded in social, economic, political, and cultural contexts and these factors produce social variability in the health and illness status of individuals - Goal of health policy and health reforms is to improve the health status of the population Chapter 1: Sociology, Medicine, Health, and Illness: An Overview Introduction - Medical sociology covers a wide range of substantive areas and encompasses a diversity of issues pertaining to health and illness, medical institutions, the structure and organization of the health care sector, and the political, economic, and social determinants of the nature and composition of the health care delivery systems Evolution and the Dominant Paradigm of Scientific Medicine - Knowledge of modern scientific medicine is founded on the work of Koch, Pasteur, and other bacteriologists www.notesolution.com- The germ theory of disease, which gained prominence in the late 19 century, had a profound impact on the practice of medicine o Current medical paradigm of the specific etiology of diseases and specific therapies has its roots in the germ theory of disease developed by Pasteur and Koch o Helped to develop the prevention of infectious diseases and improved medical practice, the paradigm of specific etiology and specific therapies gave rise to the essentially curative orientation of medicine and medical practice; that is, that ppl can b made healthy by medical technologies and technological fixes this paradigm adopted a mechanistic model of the human body - illness cud b caused by the malfunctioning of one particular part of the body machinery in other words, localized pathology - specialization in medical knowledge and practice tends to focus on specific parts of the body machine, such as the nervous system, the cardiovascular system, the gastro- intestinal system, and so forth - work of bacteriologists and other scientists undeniably had a positive impact on the control of infectious diseases and led to improvements in medical practice - major decline in mortality and morbidity was due to better nutrition and sanitation and other environmental improvements, and that the decline in mortality and morbidity patters, rather than following significant diagnostic and therapeutic discoveries, in fact preceded them - the form n nature of medicine is determined by class n power relations in the society n not by scientific imperatives - allopathic medicine: - Flexner Report was critical of the medical schools that did not have the facilities to teach laboratory-based scientific medicine - in Canada, the rise n social legitimacy of scientific medicine was also bolstered by the Flexner report - The Flexner Report, supported by the medical profession and by philanthropic foundations, helped to consolidate the dominance of the allopathic practitioners and to www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for HLTA02H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.