Textbook Notes (362,879)
Canada (158,081)
HLTA02H3 (135)
Chapter 4

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Michelle Silver

Chapter Four: Health Status in Canada Introduction Health status refers to determinants of health such as: health conditions, human function, and deaths Key indicators of health status include life expectancy, mortality rates, and causes of death Social determinants of health include health behaviours, living and working conditions, personal resources, and environmental factors Others include peace, social support and family violence Specifically they are income, employment, education, child care, and housing Selected Indicators of Health Status Life Expectancy Life expectancy has increased in Canada over the last century Refer to Table 4.2 on page 59 Female life expectancy over a 70-year period has always been higher than men The gap between them had increased from 2.1 to 6.3 years in a 60-year period, but then has narrowed down to 5.1 between 1999-2001 Life expectancy for males is highest in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia (75) and lowest in Prince Edward Island (73) Life expectancy for females is highest in Saskatchewan (82) and lowest in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador (80) Mortality Rates A great decrease in infant mortality rates is responsible for most of the increase in life expectancy in Canada over the last century Maternal death rates have also declined significantly It can be attributed to improvements in the standard of living over time, medical advances and better access to health care www.notesolution.com
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