Textbook Notes (363,232)
Canada (158,276)
HLTA02H3 (135)
Anna Walsh (16)
Chapter 15

Chapter 15 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Anna Walsh

-Intro -inequalities of wealth and income produce unequal life chances INEQUALITY AND POVERTY -the number of poor people was nearly 5 million in 2003, poverty rate was nearly 16% -poverty figures fluctuate with economic conditions, particularly fluctuations in labour market -Poverty rates vary by family structure -poverty rates are relatively low for two-parent families and quite high for families with single-parent mothers -certain groups face a high risk of poverty, these include: -unemployed persons -people whose participation in teh labour force is irregular -those with low education -those in certain occupations -income disparities produce an inequality of opportunities and life chances, and have negative outcomes for individuals in low-income and poor families -poverty of opportunity and family income levels are factors detrimental to healthy child development and child well-being INEQUALITY, POVERTY, AND HEALTH STATUS -Epidemiological data in Canada and elsewhere show a persistent and pervasive association between socioeconomic status and health status -those who are advantaged with respect to socio-economic status are also advantaged in health status -those with high incomes, live longer, healthier, and more disability-free lives on average than those who are poor -poor housing, poor nutrition, poor neighbourhoods and poor environments all contribute to high morbidity and mortality in low-income and poor populations INFANT MORTALITY -infant mortality is one of the most important indicators of population health of a country because of its association with both adult mortality and life expectancy -there has been a decline in infant mortality rates -infant mortality in the Aboriginal population is almost twice that of the general population -children of parents in the poorest neighbourhoods have twice the infant mortality rates of children in the richest neighbourhoods -disparities in birth outcomes are linked to neighbourhood income -those in the lower-income groups experience above-average infant mortality rates -infant mortality rate in 1996 was highest in Northwest Territories -among the provinces, Saskatchewan ranked highest and Quebec the lowest th -in 1990, Canada ranked fifth among the seventeen OECD countries; its ranking dropped to 12 by 1996 -it is apparent that the association bw socio-economic status and health status arises very early in life the first injustice -this first injustice is followed by an enduring association between Socioeconomic Status and the risk of death that persists throughout adult life -there are various reasons for variations in infant mortality rates, including: -low birth weight -preventable communicable diseases -malnutrition www.notesolution.com
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