Textbook Notes (368,318)
Canada (161,798)
HLTB15H3 (41)


3 Pages
Unlock Document

Health Studies
Iva Zovkic

HLTB15 WINTER 2013 Week #7: Differentiating associations with gender and socio-economic status by Margraet Duetz, Thomas Abel, & Steffen Niemann Abstract  Cohort Survey on health related lifestyles, four measures of health and their association with respect to gender, socio-economic status and psychosocial factors  Carried out in Berne Switzerland, with 923 participants aged 56-66 years  4 self report health measures – self rated health, physical fitness, number of medical conditions, restrictions caused by medical conditions  Regression analysis was used to investigate and compare their associations with gender, SES and psychosocial factors  Gender statistically significantly associated with physical fitness, number of medical conditions and subsequent restrictions  Education and income showed statistically significant associations with self-rated health and fitness  Psychological factors were statistically associated with all health measures  Gender showed to interact with education  Income interacted with internal locus of control  The choice of health measures in a population study should comply with the intention to analyze its associations with any of those related factors or in reverse with the wish to prevent their confounding properties Introduction  Gender, SES and psycho social factors are important determinants of health  Gender is preferred over sex especially when social processes and gender-specific social roles rather than biological differences are assumed to result in different health states  Social structural factors were most important to health in women than in men, whereas health behavior was more closely associated wit health in men than in women  Health behavior more closely associated with health in men than in women  Differential employment conditions contribute to gender differences in health  Low SES known to be associated with ill health and mortality and morbidity  Social classes and political conditions also influences inequalities in health  Ill health may also impair the individual SES reversing direction of causality  Weakened social cohesion also plays a role  Sense of coherence and health locus of control are important psychosocial factors related to health  There is considerable heterogeneity regarding study populations  High SES is associated with enlarged availability of psychosocial resources  Population study is 923 participants from 56-66  Health indicators o Self rated health – as an indicator of the subjective general state of health o Physical fitness – as a measure of the ability to perform daily tasks o Number of chronic medical conditions – which equals a measure of morbidity o Subjective assessment of ones restrictions due to medical conditions  Two of these measures self rated health and fitness relate to positive aspects of health  Chronic illness and restrictions due to medical conditions are indictors of ill health  Positive measures highlight the predominance of positive judgments of one’s health state  Measures on ill health are indicators for morbidity and functional impairment in a more strictly biomedical sense HLTB15 WINTER 2013 Data and Methods  Data used from second interv
More Less

Related notes for HLTB15H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.