Measles Textbook Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

Plagues and Peoples Course Reader: Measles (Rubella) November 9, 2010. - Measles is also known as rubeola, hard measles, red measles, 9-day measles, morbilli, hasbah is a common, acute, viral infectious disease, principally of children. - Symptoms: Fever, typical red, blotchy rash combined with cough, coryza (common cold), or conjunctivitis (pink eye). - A vaccine-preventable disease, and its vaccine is one of the vaccines included in the Expanded Programme on Immunication (EPI) of the WHO. Etiology and Epidemiology - Measles is caused by a virus which is in the genus Morbillivirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. - One of the most highly communicable diseases, transmitted by contact of susceptible individuals with the nose and throat secretions of infected persons primarily by droplet spread. - Infection also occurs by direct and indirect contact through freshly soiled articles and airborne transmission. - No reservoirs of measles other than human beings. - Period of communicability is from slightly before onset of symptoms (prodromal phase) to 4 days after the start of the rash. - Incubation period from time of exposure to onset of fever of about 10 days with a range from 8 to 13 days. - The incubation period from tim
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