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Chapter

Measles (Rubella).docx

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Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTB21H3
Professor
b
Semester
Winter

Description
Plagues and Peoples Course Reader Measles RubellaNovember 9 2010 Measles is also known as rubeola hard measles red measles 9day measles morbilli hasbah is a common acute viral infectious disease principally of children Symptoms Fever typical red blotchy rash combined with cough coryza common cold or conjunctivitis pink eye A vaccinepreventable disease and its vaccine is one of the vaccines included in the Expanded Programme on Immunication EPI of the WHO Etiology and EpidemiologyMeasles is caused by a virus which is in the genus Morbillivirus of the family Paramyxoviridae One of the most highly communicable diseases transmitted by contact of susceptible individuals with the nose and throat secretions of infected persons primarily by droplet spread Infection also occurs by direct and indirect contact through freshly soiled articles and airborne transmission No reservoirs of measles other than human beings Period of communicability is from slightly before onset of symptoms prodromal phase to 4 days after the start of the rash Incubation period from time of exposure to onset of fever of about 10 days with a range from 8 to 13 days The incubation period from time of exposure to rash onset is about 14 days Primarily an endemic disease of children highest for under 2 years of age Epidemic measles has a winterspring seasonality in temperate climates and a less marked hotdry seasonality in equatorial regions No racial or gender differences Measles mortality is highest in the very young and very old Fatality rate of 510or more in malnourished children in developing countries Dist
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