Malaria

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Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTB21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat
Semester
Winter

Description
Malaria : Italian malaria (i.e. bad air), the great imitator Tropical parasitic disease, spread by mosquitoes History - Oldest disease known to mankind that continues to have huge health consequence (50% global population at risk), found in Chinese Medical text Nei Chang -Hippocratic corpus : enlarged spleens, related malaria to ingestion of stagnant water Roman fever benign tertian (recurrent fevers every third day), quartan (fevers every fourth day) Belief: resulting from poisonous vapours that emanate from Roman Campagna -William Shakespeare: ague (English word for malaria) -Exflagellation (Laveran ): squiggles first to observe black-brown malaria pigments and mobile filaments emerging from clear spherical bodies in the red blood cells of infected blood, crescents in blood Haemoproteus: bird parasite closely related to malaria -Koch : fist to identify malaria parasite, argued that human malaria was caused by a mosquito bite but was unsuccessful - Ross and Manson : discover the in the infectious stages in the mosquito salivary glands in sparrows, injects sporozoites (Winner) -G
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