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HLTC02H3 (51)
Chapter 3&4


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Health Studies
Joseph Bryant

Chapter 3 Feminist Methodology and Health Research: bridging Trends and Debates Creating knowledge Feminist Methodology  Different forms of feminist researches. o Feminist Empiricism: feminist who adhere/hold to some of the tenants of empiricism. o Feminist Standpoint Theories: those who argue that empiricism cannot offer a radical enough analysis of the historical-material circumstances that produce both subjectivities and knowledge. o Feminist postmodernism: contest the enlightment ideal project and the apparently apolitical aims of modernity. It refuses anyone theoretical stance and assert that the multiplicity of knowledge-making practices of not result in universal metanarratives. o Feminist Postcolonial theory: which sees colonialism and imperialism as critical and necessary axes of analysis when theorized about women’s lives and experiences. o Postmodernist and poststructuralist: the reliance on the undifferentiated category of women has been challenged. o Feminist methodologist continue to engage in debates about the nature of science, truth, epistemology. Women’s health Research  In the late 1990’s there were organization that supported research to addressee how sex and gender interact with other factors that influences health and create conditions and problem unique, more prevalence, more serious or difference with respect to risk factors or effective interventions for women and girls, men and boys. Diversity and Difference: Re-conceptualizing Women’s Health Research  Diversity in a research is important to help women from different background. Inclusive health research also requires that the voice from differing perspectives and socio-economic location shape the doing of the research, including the process of interpreting data.  In Canada existing health research methodologies are often inappropriate for Aboriginal people.  It is not enough to acknowledge differences and diversity without understanding how research themselves are often implicated in creating relationship of injustices and harm and of creating epistemic violence. Research Approaches:  Different favoured in general health research: o Multidisciplinary research: research works in parallel or sequentially from a discipline- specific base to address the same problem. Not make truly innovative for its resolutions. EXAMPEL: CIHR o Interdisciplinary Research: when researchers from tow or more disciplines work jointly on a particular problem and collaborate in the design of research strategies and in the analysis of outcomes. o Transdisciplinary research: in which researches work jointly from a shared conceptual framework that draws together discipline-specific theories, concepts and approaches to addresses a particular problem.  Time and commitments for researcher beside from funding agencies, and traditional institutional structure has become a problem for different researches that are working together. Research Methodologies and Methods The Qualitative/ Quantitative Debate  Women’s health acknowledges the need for both qualitative and quantitative methods to address the complexities of women health. ( GO TO PAGE 108: A VERY GOOD CHART THAT CAN HELP YOU UNDESTAND THIS BETTER) o Quantitative Researches: uses methods adopted from approaches used in the physical science that dram upon logical positivism and are designed to ensure objectivity, generalizability and reliability. Purpose to produce factual, unbiased, and genealizable. Those in favour states that, it selects participants through random selection methods. It influence public policy, sensitive to diversity.... those how are not in favour say that it decontextualizes human behaviour. o Qualitative Research: searches for meaning s in specific social/cultural contexts; possibility of theoretical generalization rejects natural science. 3 philosophies are foundational. 1) Interpretivism 2) hermeneutics both are concerned with understanding human behaviour from the actor’s own frame of reference. (feminist see it as useful and limiting). 3) Social Constructionism: we are all actively engaged in creating knowledge and that we incent concepts, modles and schemes to make sense of experience, and we continually test and modify these constructions in the light of new experiences. In general qualitative include participants ob6servation, interviews, exploratory... o Mix Methods: most feminist researchers now contend that the use of multiple methods make for the best research. There is a debate between feminist about which type of research method gives a better results. Some believe that mix method will provide us with better knowledge and others suggest that combining research is much more useful for understanding complex health phenomena. o EXAMPLE: Eating Disorders: it is well documented that women have a higher rate of eating disorder. It also has a wide range of psychological, social, and physical effects on women and men, which includes heart conditions, kidney failure.... o Quantitative: How many? What kind? Strength of association-the number. Meaning it looks in to the measurable attributes. Measuring eating disorder in different groups of women and men. o Qualitative- What? Why? Meaning if something-the text. Looks into detailed description of situations, interaction, personal histories, and direct quotations from people about their experiences. Interview with women and men about eating disorder to better understand the social context of their lives. Mixed Methods: combing both quantitative and qualitative since there is strength and weakness in both sides. There are number of ways both methods can be combines. 1) Qualitative method can be used to develop quantitative measures and instruments. 2) in a quantitative study, qualitative method can be used. 3) Qualitative and Quantitative can be used in ways that can complement each other. CHAPTER 4: Post –Colonial Feminist Theoretical Perspective and Women’s Health (Browne, Smye and Varcoe) Relevancy to women’s health, Theoretical foundations.  Post –colonial theory can be defined as an interdisplinary family of theories that share a common political and social concern about the legacy of colonialism, and how this continues to shape peoples lives and life opportunities.  A particular relevant feature of post colonial analysis is the real of women’s health is foregrounding of colonizing and neo-colonial practices which continue to contract race and culture as taken for granted categories.  Post –Colonial discourses provide context for understanding the complexities of health and social inequalit
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